International Conference on Forest Landscape Restoration under Global Change
A CONTRIBUTION TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BONN CHALLENGE
“Synthesising and Sharing Globally Available Forest-related Scientific Knowledge”
San Juan, Puerto Rico, 6-9 June 2017
The conference was organised by the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) in partnership with the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and the United States Forest Service.
The one-week conference (by invitation only) was implemented in two different, but interconnected, events as follows:
- Knowledge-sharing Workshop “Translating global FLR policy into local action” taking place 6-8 June 2017
Participation of 60 experts on forest landscape restoration from around the world
- Ministerial-level Policy Dialogue: “Shaping policy for FLR implementation” taking place on 9 June 2017
Ministers and government officials from 7 countries discuss policy needed for effective restoration on the ground.
The international conference resulted in the following outputs related to three major target audiences:
• Practitioners: identification of workable approaches and activities for FLR at national and local scales;
• Policy makers: recommendations on enabling governance and policy frameworks for forest landscape restoration at national levels; recommendations on international cooperation for further enhancing large-scale FLR implementation.
• Scientists: identification of existing knowledge gaps, additional research needs and new insights into FLR implementation; and the way forward for closer cooperation between scientists and practitioners in support of FLR implementation;
The results will contribute to major forthcoming international events in 2017, including:
• The IUFRO 125th Anniversary Conference in Freiburg, Germany in September 2017;
• The Conference of the Parties 2017 of the UNFCCC COP;
• CBD SBSTTA in 2017; and
• Global Landscape Forum, Bonn, Germany, in December 2017.
- Using Fast Growing Trees of High Commercial Value to Promote Forest Restoration (Amazonas, Nino T.; Bauhus, Jürgen; Brancalion, Pedro H. S.)
- Forest Landscape Restoration in Rwanda (Biswanga)
- Forest Restoration of Foothills of Uzbekistan: from the Pistachios Demonstration Plantation to a Decree of the President (Botman)
- Forest Landscape Restoration in West Africa through Community Forestry: Keys to Success (Charnley, Susan)
- Underplanting Nothofagus for Restoration Purposes in Chile (Donoso, Pablo J.; Soto, Daniel P.)
- The Right Tree for the Right Place (Kindt, R.; Lillso J.P.-B.; van Breugel, P.; Jamnadass, R.; Graudal, L.)
- Livelihoods and Integrated Plannning for FLR (Gutiérrez-Montes, Isabel)
- Manipulating Agricultural Watershed Hydrology with Short Tree Phases (Harper, Richard J.; Sochacki, Stan; Smettem, Keith)
- A Global Online Survey on Forest Adaptation and Forest Restoration - Concept and First Results (Hoehl, Markus; Bolte, Andreas; & IUFRO TF 31 Forest Adaptation and Restoration Under Global Change)
- Restoring Indian Landscapes for Multiple Purposes (Kant, Promode; Burns, Janice)
- Analysis of Forest Ecosystem Restoration on Post-Mine Oil-Shale Quarries (Laarmann, Diana)
- 200 years of FLR in Denmark: A Land-Use Story of Losses and Gains for Forest Land in the NW European Lowland (Madsen, Palle)
- The Mt. Fuji Reforestation Project - Corporate Social Responsibility on Ecological Forest Restoration in Conifer Plantations in Japan (Nagaike, Takuo)
- Forest and Landscape Restoration in Mongolia (Nyam-Osor, Batkhuu; Byambadorj, Ser-Oddamba; Sukhbaatar, Gerelbaatar)
- Myanmar Reforestation and Rehabilitation Programme and FLR (Ohn)
- Modelling FLR: The RESTORE+ Methodology (Pietsch, Stephan A.; Yowarganaa, Ping; Kraxnera,Florian; and the RESTORE+ Consortium
- National Landscape and Ecosystem Restoration Program - El Salvador (Quezada Díaz, Jorge E.)
- Fandriana Marolambo / Madagascar Forest Landscape: Forest Landscape Restoration Based on Local Communities Intiatives (Appolinaire Razafimahatratra)
- Forest Landscape Restoration in Kyrgyzstan (Razhapbaev, Muslim)
- Regional Multifunctional Forest Landscape Restoration Planning (Schulz, Jennifer J; Schröder, Boris)
- Cluster Planting as a Lower Cost Alternative - Lessons Learned from the Central European Oak Cluster Planting Trials (Saha, Somidh; Bauhus, Jürgen)
- Applied Nucleation as a Forest Restoration Strategy: Lessons Learned (Janelle M. Sylvester, Karen D. Holl, Rebecca J. Cole, Oscar Lanuza, Federico Oviedo-Brenes, Juan Abel Rosales, J. Leighton Reid, and Rakan A. Zahawi)
- 70 Million Trees for Kyrgyzstan (Thevs, Niels; Aliev, Kumar)
- Systemizing Forest Restoration Through Trials in South-Central Chile: Two Expamples (Vargas G., Rodrigo)
- New International Restoration Standards Provide Guidance for Improving Ecological and Biodiversity - Outcomes of Forest Landscape Restoration (Tein McDonald, George Gann, Bethanie Walder, Cara Nelson, Jim Hallett, Justin Jonson, Kingsley Dixon)
With an estimated 25% of the global land surface being degraded in one way or another, and about 15 % considered appropriate for forest landscape restoration (Global Map of Opportunities on FLR – GPFLR) , there is significant potential for restoring landscapes at a large scale by using trees and other woody vegetation. Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) aims to improve the landscape for people and for biodiversity, through several approaches – agroforestry, tree planting, natural regeneration, connecting forest fragments, etc. and has the potential to contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation by increasing the productivity of landscapes, enhancing the resilience of forest ecosystems, and reducing the vulnerability of forest-dependent human communities.
With the establishment of the Bonn Challenge global policy initiative, calling for the restoration of 150 million hectares of deforested and degraded lands by 2020, political support for restoring degraded lands has significantly increased in recent years. This challenge seeks to actively engage states helping them achieve progress on their existing international commitments under the CBD Aichi Target 15, UNFCCC REDD+ goal and the Rio+20 land degradation target, all intended to lead to carbon richer landscapes that are biodiverse, economically productive, and resilient to climatic vulnerabilities. Restoring degraded forests and forest landscapes has also become an important component within the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda through various SDGs. To-date a total of 150 million hectares has been committed under the Bonn Challenge for restoration.
Over the past 10 years, considerable efforts have been underway by the science and technology community in promoting forest landscape restoration in all regions of the world. IUFRO has been an active member of the Global Partnership on Forest and Landscape Restoration (GPFLR) since its inception. Given the scale and complexity of forest landscape restoration challenges worldwide, there is a clear need to further enhance the collection and syntheses of scientific knowledge from different regions and to promote interactions between science, policy and practice.