Forests, Climate, Biodiversity and People: Assessing a Decade of REDD+
The following key findings are highlighted:
- Ongoing deforestation and forest degradation alter the critical role of forests in the global carbon cycle.
- REDD+ governance is distributed across a complex landscape of institutions with different sources of authority and power dynamics that influence its outcomes.
- REDD+ plays an important role in climate change mitigation, but this role is limited given the magnitude of the problem and actions required in other GHG emitting sectors.
- Safeguards to address social and environmental outcomes are complex and have yet to be fully operationalised in REDD+ implementation, reporting and accountability.
- Technological improvements support better quantification of forest and carbon changes, but measurement, reporting and verification of both carbon and non-carbon outcomes still need to be improved.
- Proliferation of global initiatives aimed at halting and reversing deforestation and forest degradation creates complexities and burdens, but also offers opportunities for synergies with REDD+.
One major conclusion from this report is that while REDD+ has provided a convenient umbrella for many forest and land use related activities aimed at reducing deforestation and forest degradation – and associated greenhouse gas emissions – the complexities involved in the nexus between forests/land use and climate are profound.
Editors: Nelson Grima, Stephanie Mansourian, John Parrotta, Christoph Wildburger
Published by International Union of Forest Research Organizations, 2022
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