Non-IUFRO Publications

Non-IUFRO Publications


Closer-to-Nature Forest Management

Closer-to-Nature Forest Management is a concept proposed in the EU Forest Strategy for 2030, which aims to improve the conservation values and climate resilience of multifunctional, managed forests in Europe. Building on the latest scientific evidence, this report proposes a definition of the concept, a set of seven guiding principles and a framework/checklist for flexible European-wide implementation. The report analyses the current pressures on forest biodiversity as well as on health and resilience in managed forests. It examines existing nature-oriented forest management approaches and analyses their ability to support biodiversity, stability in and adaptability to uncertain future conditions. Finally, it evaluates the barriers and enablers for the implementation of Closer-to-Nature Forest Management.

The Closer-to-Nature Forest Management webinar was held on 6 April 2022. Watch the conversation on our YouTube channel.

Recommended citation: Larsen, J.B., Angelstam, P., Bauhus, J., Carvalho, J.F., Diaci, J., Dobrowolska, D., Gazda, A., Gustafsson, L., Krumm, F., Knoke, T., Konczal, A., Kuuluvainen, T., Mason, B., Motta, R., Pötzelsberger, E., Rigling, A., Schuck, A., 2022. Closer-to-Nature Forest Management. From Science to Policy 12. European Forest Institute.

ISBN 978-952-7426-19-7 (online)



Long-term soil warming alters fine root dynamics and morphology, and their ectomycorrhizal fungal community in a temperate forest soil

Climate warming is predicted to affect temperate forests severely, but the response of fine roots, key to plant nutrition, water uptake, soil carbon, and nutrient cycling is unclear. Understanding how fine roots will respond to increasing temperature is a prerequisite for predicting the functioning of forests in a warmer climate. The authors of the study looked at the response of fine roots and their ectomycorrhizal (EcM) fungal and root-associated bacterial communities to soil warming by 4°C in a mixed spruce-beech forest in the Austrian Limestone Alps after 8 and 14 years of soil warming, respectively.

Original article:
Steve Kwatcho Kengdo, Derek Peršoh, Andreas Schindlbacher, Jakob Heinzle, Ye Tian, Wolfgang Wanek, Werner Borken (2022): Long-term soil warming alters fine root dynamics and morphology, and their ectomycorrhizal fungal community in a temperate forest soil.

Glob Change Biol. 2022;00:1–18. Global Change Biology


Call for Submissions: Continuous Cover Forestry: Opportunities for Changing Forests

Submissions are invited for a Special Issue of Trees, Forests and People.

Continuous Cover Forestry is forest management based on ecological principles and its history stretches over more than a hundred years. In some countries CCF has been a standard for more than fifty years and in others it is still comparatively new. A special issue of Forest Ecology and Management explored this topic more than 15 years ago (Pommerening 2006, Transformation to continuous cover forestry in a changing environment, 224, 227–228), and this new special issue will provide updates and explore emerging insights. The popularity of CCF is rising for its potential to mitigate climate change, to support biodiversity, and to provide valuable tools for forest ecosystem services. The EU forest strategy for 2030 urges increased use of CCF. The special issue welcomes a range of contributions – reviews, research papers or a mix of both – on topics including climate/forest policy, carbon forestry, water quality, nature conservation, recreation/human health, biodiversity, timber production, challenges of transformation to CCF and marteloscopes.

Deadline for manuscript submissions:  31 December 2022
Special issue editor:   Professor Arne Pommerening, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)


Call for Submissions: Forest Bathing and Forests for Public Health

Submissions are invited for a Special issue of 'Forests'.

Humans have long enjoyed forest environments because of their quiet atmosphere, beautiful scenery, mild climate, pleasant aromas, and fresh, clean air. In Japan, a national health programme for forest bathing, or shinrin-yoku, began to be introduced in 1982 by the Forest Agency of Japan for the stress management of workers. Shinrin in Japanese means 'forest', and yoku means 'bath'. So shinrin-yoku means bathing in the forest atmosphere, or taking in the forest through our senses. Since 2004, serial studies have been conducted to investigate the effects of forest bathing/shinrin-yoku on human health in Japan. We have established a new medical science called forest medicine. Forest medicine is a new interdisciplinary science, belonging to the categories of alternative medicine, environmental medicine and preventive medicine, which studies the effects of forest bathing/shinrin-yoku/forest therapy on human health. It has been reported that forest bathing/shinrin-yoku (forest therapy) has the following beneficial effects on human health: - Boosts immune function; - Reduces stress and stress hormones; - Improves sleep; - Shows preventive effect on depression; - Reduces blood pressure and heart rate showing preventive on hypertension; - Forest bathing in city parks also has benefits on human health; - Forest bathing has preventive effect on lifestyle related diseases. Therefore, forests are very important for public health.

This Special Issue has been planned in order to expand the philosophy and concept of forest medicine worldwide.

Deadline for manuscript submissions:  23 November 2022
Special issue editors:  Dr. Christos Gallis, Research Director, Forest Research Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece; Prof. Dr. Qing Li, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nippon Medical School Hospital;  Prof. Dr. Won Sop Shin, Professor of Social Forestry, School of Forest Resources, Chungbuk National University


Call for Submissions: Forest species and stands regeneration

Submissions are invited for a Research Topic on Forest species and stands regeneration.

The study of regeneration models is fundamental to understanding the dynamics at the early stages of stand development and supporting adaptive management measures. Two main broad types of regeneration can be distinguished: natural and artificial (both seedling and planting). The wide range of factors fostering regeneration, as well as those constraining it, play an important role in stand dynamics and related provision ecosystem services. Forest stand regeneration is affected, i.a., by stand structure, abiotic (fires, storms, climate change) and biotic (pests and diseases) disturbances and site characteristics. Regeneration also depends on seed availability, germination, survival, seedling and plantlet development.

This Research Topic aims to analyse the factors that contribute to or constrain the regeneration and the recruitment of individuals to the main forest stand. Experimental, observational and modelling studies are welcome. The goal of this Research Topic is to publish a state-of-the-art analysis on the regeneration of forest stands.

Deadline for abstract submission:  1 July 2022
Deadline for manuscript submission:  3 October 2022
Topic Editors:  Teresa Fidalgo Fonseca, Escola de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Vila Real, Portugal, and Ana Cristina Gonçalves, University of Evora, Évora, Portugal


Call for Submissions: New Challenges towards More Effective Integration of Tropical Forest Restoration and Conservation

Submissions are invited for a Special Issue of Forests.

With forest degradation increasing in the tropics, forest restoration is being employed as an effective and recognized management strategy. Reforestation and afforestation are two distinct methods being used. They are often considered for their biophysical aspects and for their environmental benefits (e.g., carbon sequestration, watershed management, biodiversity). Technical skills are necessary for implementing both forest restoration and afforestation, but they are not enough for the success of restoration programs. Understanding the social and economic aspects is essential if restoration activities are to be effective. Reforestation and afforestation should be meaningful and beneficial to indigenous people and other local communities living in or near these degraded forests or landscapes. Benefits can be increased by local participation in decision making, improved financial return, strengthened land use rights, and better market opportunities.

This Special Issue of Forests aims to identify and better understand the social and economic issues (challenges and benefits) of forest restoration programs in the tropics and their contribution for the success of restoration programs. Submitted manuscripts should not have been published or submitted elsewhere. Through case studies and more global contributions, they should illustrate the importance of considering bottom-up approaches in forest restoration.

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2022
Guest editors: Plinio Sist, Cirad-ES; Manuel Boissière, French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD)


Call for Submissions: Silviculture and Management of Boreal Forests

Submissions are invited for a Special Issue of Forests.

The boreal forest circles the northern portions of the earth and represents approximately 30% of the global forest area. This region has a short growing season with 6 to 8 months of below-freezing temperatures and a low diversity of tree species. However, it is an important source of lumber and wood fibre and provides a range of ecological and social services. Boreal forests play important roles in climate regulation and are an important reservoir of carbon. Global climate change is having major impacts and, in addition to forestry, the mining and energy sectors are active in this region. About two-thirds of the world’s boreal forests are managed. Management intensity varies from extensive management in Canada and Russia to intensive management in Fennoscandia. Harvesting has increased the number of successional or second-growth forests in many areas, with associated changes in structural characteristics and biodiversity. Challenges to management of boreal forests include: slow growth rates, an abundance of poor soil conditions including imperfectly or poorly drained sites as well as rapidly drained sites and cold soils, wetting up of sites following harvest, remoteness, and high costs. A range of silvicultural practices, including draining, mechanical site preparation, prescribed burning, planting, thinning, and cleaning, are applied. Both even-aged and uneven-aged systems are applied, with stand and site characteristics and other factors influencing the choice of system.

The aim of this Special Issue is to document recent advances in silviculture and management of boreal forests with particular emphasis on managing boreal forests for a broad range of services and adaptation to climate change. We invite original research and review papers covering a range of topics relating to the silviculture and management of Boreal forests that demonstrate and compare short-term and long-term outcomes of practices in relation to their impacts on tree growth, yield, biodiversity, economics, resilience, and other values.

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 May 2022
Guest editor: Prof. Dr. Phillip G. Comeau, Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada


The Social Aspects of Environmental and Climate Change. Institutional Dynamics Beyond a Linear Model

The Social Aspects of Environmental and Climate Change critically examines the prominence of natural science framing in mainstream climate change research and demonstrates why climate change really is a social issue. The book highlights how assumptions regarding social and cultural systems that are common in sustainability science have impeded progress in understanding environmental and climate change. The author explains how social sciences theory and perspectives provide an understanding of institutional dynamics including issues of scale, possibilities for learning, and stakeholder interaction, using specific case studies to illustrate this impact. The book highlights the foundational role research into social, political, cultural, behavioural, and economic processes must play if we are to design successful strategies, instruments, and management actions to act on climate change.


Forest Governance: Hydra or Chloris?

Many forest-related problems are considered relevant today. One might think of deforestation, illegal logging and biodiversity loss. Yet, many governance initiatives have been initiated to work on their solutions. This publication takes stock of these issues and initiatives by analysing different forest governance modes, shifts and norms, and by studying five cases (forest sector governance, forest legality, forest certification, forest conservation, participatory forest management). Special focus is on performance: are the many forest governance initiatives able to change established practices of forest decline (Chloris worldview) or are they doomed to fail (Hydra worldview)? The answer will be both, depending on geographies and local conditions. The analyses are guided by discursive institutionalism and philosophical pragmatism.

Author:  Bas Arts, Wageningen University & Research - Radboud University Nijmegen


Adaptive Collaborative Management in Forest Landscapes

Many forest management proposals are based on top-down strategies, such as the Million Tree Initiatives, Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) and REDD+, often neglecting local communities. In the context of the climate crisis, it is imperative that local peoples and communities are an integral part of all decisions relating to resource management. This volume examines the value of Adaptive Collaborative Management for facilitating learning and collaboration with local communities and beyond, utilising detailed studies of forest landscapes and communities.