Publications and references


Special issue of Forests: Call for Manuscript Submissions

Special Issue "Non-Timber Forest Products Perspectives in a Bioeconomy"

The European Commission in 2020 defined a bioeconomy as encompassing sustainable production of renewable resources from land, fisheries and aquaculture environments and conversion into food, feed, fiber bio-based products and bioenergy as well as related public goods. A forest-based bioeconomy is posited to reduce the environmental impacts of economic growth through improved management that ensures sustainable production and consumption. While forests cover a third of the global land area, they are weakly included in bioeconomy strategies, and non-timber forest products (NTFP) are absent. The plants, fungi and animals that produce NTFP are essential to peoples' food, medicinal, energy and livelihood security and sovereignty and healthy and resilient forest ecosystems, and as sources of phytochemicals and further products, thus constituting integral parts of any forest-based bioeconomy. Getting these products recognized as just that and then integrating them into local, national and global efforts to develop bioeconomies requires expanding perspectives of what is included in a bioeconomy. A forest-based bioeconomy is much more than recycling or new advances in biotechnology. Indeed, achieving wider transitions may contribute to solving the global challenges of biodiversity conservation, climate change and eradicating absolute poverty by increasing the value of standing forests and addressing the urgent needs of forest-reliant people and communities.

The IUFRO Task Force “Unlocking the Bioeconomy and Non-Timber Forest Products” is facilitating this Special Issue of the journal Forests. The Special Issue "Non-Timber Forest Products and the Bioeconomy" addresses the myriad of issues affecting efforts to improve the production, management and governance of NTFP to support inclusion in emerging models of forest-based bioeconomies. Notable examples of scholarship in this area are available at Contributors to the issue are encouraged to participate in the monthly task force webinar series and are welcome to view archived presentations.

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2022.

More information at

Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products"

Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products": NTFPs and Bioeconomy in the European Union; online; 22 March 2022, 9:30-10:30 a.m. ET / 1430-1530 UTC . Speaker: Marko Lovric, European Forest Institute, Finland. Video recording

Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products": NTFP and Bioeconomy in US; online; 15 February 2022, 9:30-10:30 a.m. ET / 1430-1530 UTC . Speaker: James Chamberlain, USDA Forest Service, USA. Video recording 

Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products": Roles of NTFPs in Poverty Alleviation in China; online; 13 January 2022, 9:00-10:00 a.m. ET / 1400-1500 UTC . Speaker: Liu Jinlong, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China. Presentation by Liu Jinlong - Video recording    

Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products": Towards a Himalayan Bioeconomy; online; 17 December 2021, 9:00 a.m. ET / 14:00 UTC. Speaker: Carsten Smith-Hall, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Presentation by Carsten Smith-Hall - Video recording 

Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products": Commercialization of Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) Fruit Products as an Exemplary NTFP: Lessons Learned from Local to Global Markets; online; 18 November 2021, 7:30-8:30 a.m. ET / 1130-1230 UTC. Speaker: Kathrin Meinhold, Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences, Germany. Presentation by Katie Meinhold - Video recording    

Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products": Comparing the Potential of Non-Wood Forest Products in Six European Regions; online; 20 October 2021, 9:30-10:30 a.m. ET / 1330–1430 UTC. Speaker: Harald Vacik, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences – Institute of Silviculture, Austria. Presentation by Harald Vacik - Video recording 

Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products": Stone Pine Cultivation and the Emerging Bioeconomy in Chile; online; 30 September 2021, 9:30–10:30 a.m. ET / 1330–1430 UTC. Speaker: Verónica Loewe Muñoz, Chilean Forestry Institute, INFOR, Chile. Presentation by Verónica Loewe Muñoz - Video recording

Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products":Non-wood provisioning from Mediterranean forest ecosystems; online; 31 August 2021, 1130-1230 UTC • 0730-0830 ET. Speaker: Sven Mutke, Forest Research Center, INIA-CIFOR, Spain.
Presentation by Sven Mutke - Video recording  

Other webinars

Forests and Sustainable Production and Consumption - Webinar on the occasion of the International Day of Forests 2022; online; 19 March 2022, 14:00-16:00 UTC+0. Units involved: IUFRO Task Force on Unlocking the Bioeconomy and Non-Timber Forest Products; IFSA. Video recording


The Social and Ecological Value Added of Small-Scale Forestry to the Bio-Economy; Bolzano, Italy; 6-9 October 2020. IUFRO Units involved: 4.05.00, 4.05.01, 4.05.02, 4.05.03, 4.05.04, 4.05.05, Task Force on Unlocking the Bioeconomy and Non-Timber Forest Products. Book of Abstracts

Relevant Publications & References

Sheppard J.P., Chamberlain J., Agúndez D., Bhattacharya P., Chirwa P.W., Gontcharov A., Sagona W.C.J., Shen H.L., Tadesse W., Mutke S. (2020) Sustainable Forest Management Beyond the Timber-Oriented Status Quo: Transitioning to Co-production of Timber and Non-wood Forest Products–a Global Perspective. Current Forestry Reports 6, 26-40. https://doi/10.1007/s40725-019-00107-1

Martínez de Arano I., Maltoni S., Picardo A., Mutke S. (2021). Non-wood forest products for people, nature and the green economy. Recommendations for policy priorities in Europe. A white paper based on lessons learned from around the Mediterranean. Series Knowledge to Action nº 5. EFI and FAO, Barcelona, 85 p. ISBN: 978-952-7426-08-1.

Chamberlain, J.L.; Darr, D.; Meinhold, K. Rediscovering the Contributions of Forests and Trees to Transition Global Food SystemsForests 202011, 1098.

Marko Lovrić, Riccardo Da Re, Enrico Vidale, Irina Prokofieva, Jennifer Wong, Davide Pettenella, Pieter Johannes Verkerk, Robert Mavsar. 2020. Non-wood forest products in Europe – A quantitative overview. Supplement. Forest Policy and Economics

Aguilar, A., Twardowski, T., and Wohlgemuth, R. 2019. Bioeconomy for Sustainable Development.Biotechnology Journal: 1800638.

Birch, K. and Tyfield, D. 2013. Theorizing the bioeconomy: biovalue, biocapital, bioeconomics or … What? Science, Technology, & Human Values, 38(3): 299-327.

Bugge, M.M., Hansen, T., and Klitkou, A. 2016. What is the bioeconomy? A review of the literature. Sustainability, 8: 691.

Cai, M., Pettenella D., and E.Vidale (2010). Income generation from wild mushrooms in marginal rural areas.Forest Policy and Economics, (13), p. 221-226

Chamberlain, J.L., G. Ness, C.J. Small, S.J. Bonner, E.B. Hiebert. 2013. Modeling below-ground biomass to improve sustainable management of Actaea racemosa, a globally important medicinal forest product.Forest Ecology and Management, 293:1-8

Chamberlain, J.L., S. Prisley, and M. McGuffin. 2013 Understanding the Relationship between American Ginseng Harvest and Hardwood Forests Inventory and Timber Harvest to Improve Co-Management of Forests of Eastern United States.Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 32 (6): 605-624.

Chamberlain, J.L., Frey, G.E., Ingram, C.D., Jacobson, M.G., and Starbuck Downes, C.M.. 2017. Forest ecosystem services: Provisioning of non-timber forest products. In: Sills, E.O., Moore, S.E., Cubbage, F.W., McCarter, K.D., Holmes, T.P., and Mercer, D.E., eds. Trees at work: economic accounting for forest ecosystem services in the U.S. South. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-226. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 65-93. Chapter 5.

Chamberlain, J.L., Emery, M.R., and Patel-Weynand, T., eds. 2018. Assessment of nontimber forest products in the United States under changing conditions. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–232. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 260 p.

Chamberlain, J., Small, C. and Baumflek, M., 2019. Sustainable Forest Management for Nontimber Products.Sustainability, 11(9), p.2670.

D'Amato, D., Veijonaho, S. and Toppinen, A., 2018. Towards sustainability? Forest-based circular bioeconomy business models in Finnish SMEs. Forest Policy and Economics, p.101848.

Dawson, I.D., Attwood, S., Park, S.E., Jamnadass, R., Powell, W., Sunderland, T., Kindt, R., McMullin, S., Hoebe, P.N., Baddeley, J.A., Staver, C., Vadez, V., Carsan, S., Roshetko, J.M., Amri, A., Karamura, E., Karamura, D., Paulo, van Breugel, Hossain, E., Phillips, M., Kumar, A., Lilleso, Jens-Peter B., Benzie, J., Sabastian, G.E., Ekesa, B., Ocimati, W., and Graudal, L.. 2019. Contributions of biodiversity to the sustainable intensification of food production: Thematic study for The State of the World's Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture. (CA4003EN ed.) Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization.

Dietz, T., Börner, J., Förster, J.J. and Braun, J.V. 2018. Governance of the Bioeconomy: A Global Comparative Study of National Bioeconomy Strategies.Sustainability, 10; 3190.

Frey, G.E., Chamberlain, J.L. and Prestemon, J.P., 2018. The potential for a backward-bending supply curve of non-timber forest products: An empirical case study of wild American ginseng production. Forest policy and economics, 97: 97-109.

Hurmekoski, E., Lovrić, M., Lovrić, N., Hetemäki, L. and Winkel, G. 2019. Frontiers of the forest-based bioeconomy – A European Delphi study. Forest Policy and Economics,102: 86-99.

Kauffman, J.S., Prisley, S.P. and Chamberlain, J.L. 2015. Monitoring non-timber forest products using forest inventory data: An example with slippery elm bark. Journal of Forestry, 114: 8pp

Kleinschmit, D., Arts, B., Giurca, A., Mustalahti, I., Sergent, A., and Pülzl, H. 2017. Environmental concerns in political bioeconomy discourses.International Forestry Review, 19(1): 1-15.

Kleinschmit, D., Lindstad, B., Thorsen, B.J., Toppinen, A., Baardsen, S. and Roos, A., 2014. Shades of green: a social scientific view on bioeconomy in the forest sector.Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 29: 402-410.

Lovrić, M., Lovrić, N. and Mavsar, R., 2019. Mapping forest-based bioeconomy research in Europe. Forest Policy and Economics.

Martínez de Arano, I., Muys, B., Topi, C., Pettenella, D., Feliciano, D., Rigolot, E., Lefevre, F., Prokofieva, I., Labidi, J., Carnus, J.M., Secco, L., Fragiacomo, Ma, Follesa, M., Masiero, M., and Llano, R. 2018. A forest-based circular bioeconomy for southern Europe: visions, opportunities and challenges. Reflections on the bioeconomy. European Forest Institute, Joensuu.

Narendra BH, JM Roshetko,HL Tata, and E Mulyoutami. 2013. Prioritizing Underutilized Tree Species for Domestication in Smallholder Systems of West Java.Small-scale Forestry, 12(4): 519-538.

Pettenella, D., Secco, L. and Maso, D., 2007. NWFP&S marketing: lessons learned and new development paths from case studies in some European countries. Small-scale Forestry, 6(4), pp.373-390.

Roshetko JM, and Bertomeu M. 2015. Multi-species and multifunctional smallholder tree farming systems in Southeast Asia: timber, NTFPs, plus environmental benefits.Annals of Silvicultural Research, 39 (2): 17-24.

Sabastian GE, Yumn A, Roshetko JM, Manalu P, Martini E, and Perdana A. 2017. Adoption of silvicultural practices for smallholder timber and NTFPs production systems in Indonesia. Agroforestry Systems, 93 (2): 607-620

Sanz-Hernández, A., Esteban, E., and Garrido. P. 2019. Transition to a bioeconomy: perspectives from social sciences.Journal of Cleaner Production, 224: 107-119.

Schmidt, J.P., Cruse-Sanders, J., Chamberlain, J.L., Ferreira, S. and Young, J.A., 2019. Explaining harvests of wild-harvested herbaceous plants: American ginseng as a case study. Biological conservation, 231, pp.139-149.

Small, C.J., J.L. Chamberlain and D.S. Mathews. 2011. Recovery of Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa) Following Experimental Harvests. American Midland Naturalist, 166(2):339-348.

Small, C.J., J.L. Chamberlain, C.M. Nuckols. 2014. Failure of black cohosh (Actaea racemosa L.) rhizome transplants: Potential causes and forest farming implications. Agroforestry Systems, 88:815-822.

Takala, T., Tikkanen, J., Haapala, A., Pitkänen, S., Torssonen, P., Valkeavirta, R. and Pöykkö, T., 2019. Shaping the concept of bioeconomy in participatory projects–An example from the post-graduate education in Finland. Journal of Cleaner Production, 221: 176-188.

Winkel, G. (Ed.) 2017. Towards a sustainable European forest-based bioeconomy. European Forest Institute, Joensuu, 160pp.


Send comments to James Chamberlain (Task Force Coordinator)