IUFRO News, Volume 50, Double Issue 8/9, 2021

Become acquainted and involved with the full range of IUFRO's exciting and important work!

Interview with Dr. John Parrotta, IUFRO President

Dr. John Parrotta, who has served as the National Research Program Leader for International Science Issues with the US Forest Service, Research & Development, Washington, DC since 2000, is the President of IUFRO for the period 2019-2024. He has conducted research in Puerto Rico, Brazil and India, and worked collaboratively with many colleagues from around the world on a variety of science syntheses and other projects.

When you became President in 2019, you gave an enthusiastic acceptance speech in which you stressed the important role that the forest science community must play. You said that the world needs what IUFRO has to offer. What is it exactly that IUFRO has to offer?

The global forest science community possesses a deep understanding of the complexities of forest systems, and their relationships to the broader socio-ecological systems in which they exist. We are currently well-positioned to utilize what we have learned through generations of research and its practical application worldwide to support and inform decision-makers and land managers. We can provide science-based guidance on how forests can be managed to meet the current needs of people without jeopardizing biodiversity and long-term capacity to provide the many benefits that society derives from forests. This is particularly important in these times of rapid and uncertain environmental, social, economic and political change.

IUFRO provides an essential platform for voluntary research collaboration and sharing of experience and insights among forest scientists worldwide. Such collaboration accelerates the pace of research, and the development of locally adapted solutions to the wide range of forest-related challenges currently facing the world.

Since 2020 the world has been struggling with a pandemic of an unprecedented dimension. Has this pandemic changed the role of science in general and that of forest science in particular and if so, how?

The response by the global scientific community to the pandemic unleashed by the SARS-CoV-2 virus in early 2020 has been truly impressive. With adequate support and informed public policies, scientists and experts in disparate fields - from virology to pharmacology and drug development, and medicine - have made huge advances towards protecting public health and will soon, we hope, enable all of humanity to be protected against the Covid-19 scourge.

However, it is also becoming apparent that while science, technology and international collaboration are absolutely necessary for solving significant global health and environmental challenges (including those related to forests), they are not sufficient. The effectiveness of this global collaborative effort will depend on how well we can overcome a number of deeply ingrained societal deficiencies and misperceptions. These include, among others, the erosion of public confidence in science fed by the malicious misinformation and political opportunism to which too many people in many countries are susceptible, and the tendency for selfishness and short-sightedness to prevail over civic-mindedness, social justice, equity, and long-term commitment to solving significant problems.

In addition to the health crisis, the world is also facing an exacerbating climate crisis and a biodiversity crisis. How are forests affected by these crises, and how can they be part of solutions?

Climate change is certainly having significant impacts on forests, including their increased susceptibility to pests, diseases and fire resulting from extreme weather events and extended droughts. These major disturbances compound the impacts of ongoing forest loss and degradation. Our planet continues to lose forests at an alarming rate of approximately 10 million hectares per year. Deforestation and the progressive degradation of forests, other natural ecosystems and agricultural lands jeopardize our collective life support system, its biodiversity, productive capacity of soils, and livelihoods of billions of people worldwide.

Forests do have important roles to play in mitigating both the climate and biodiversity crises. The conservation of existing natural and sustainably managed forests, including those in urban areas, is clearly the most urgent task. Forest restoration at site and landscape scales can also make major contributions, but to do so effectively, we need to recognize and effectively deal with the major drivers of forest loss and degradation, from conversion of forests for agriculture and other land uses, to promoting changes in consumer and investor behaviors that indirectly drive deforestation and biodiversity loss.

You obtained a PhD in tropical forest ecology and management, and you also have a strong interest in forest ecosystem restoration in the tropics. Why do you find tropical forests so interesting and why are they so important?

Like so many other ecologists, my interest in tropical forests began with an attraction to their beauty and fascination about their amazingly complex biodiversity. While all forest types are critically important for biodiversity conservation, it's important to remember that the world's shrinking rain forests, which cover less than 2% of our planet's total surface area, are home to about 50% of all known plant and animal species. 

I have also been deeply impressed by the depth and scope of the traditional knowledge that has guided people in indigenous and other forest-dependent communities in tropical regions for countless generations in their management of forest landscapes to support their livelihoods, food security, health, and cultures. The diversity of knowledge systems and cultures that one finds in tropical forest regions, and what they have to teach the rest of us, are as priceless as the biodiversity that we as a global community must strive to conserve, sustainably utilize and – where possible - restore.

During your presidency you are placing great emphasis on communication, including communication of science to policy makers, stakeholders and the general public, and communication within IUFRO. Why is it crucial for scientists to communicate their findings to the outside world?

I believe that it is our duty – as scientists and responsible members of society - to share the knowledge and insights resulting from our research to help the public, and decision-makers, to make well-informed choices.  In short, to deliver the science that people can use, by providing answers to the questions that these different audiences may have and communicating what we know – and don't know – in ways that diverse audiences are most likely to absorb.

This might be done, for example, by framing our often highly specialized research and our scientific syntheses in terms of broader sustainable development challenges – such as those articulated in the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals.  In doing so we can better convey to our stakeholders the value of our science and its utility to society.  Providing this broader context – built on a solid foundation of in-depth research - enhances the effectiveness and expands the range of our communications efforts.

The upcoming IUFRO World Day will offer a unique opportunity for showcasing the diversity in IUFRO and communicating with different audiences. The event particularly aims to attract early-career scientists and newcomers and make them familiar with IUFRO. What is so special about the World Day and why should people attend? (IUFRO World Day link: https://www.iufroworldday.org/)

While IUFRO's Divisions, Task Forces and Special Programs have made extraordinary (and successful) efforts to continue their networking activities through virtual conferences, webcasts and workshops, large physical meetings have not been possible since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. This has limited opportunities especially for younger scientists and students to become acquainted and involved with the full range of IUFRO's exciting and important work. 

IUFRO World Day is a unique interactive event designed to showcase the diversity of the IUFRO Network, including IUFRO specialized units, our interdisciplinary Task Forces and IUFRO Member Organizations. It will enable participants from all over the world to take part in their own time zones and offers opportunities to meet IUFRO's leadership, find out how IUFRO works, how to get involved, and even participate in discussions on how forestry research is addressing vital issues that policymakers and natural resources managers are currently grappling with.

Thank you very much for the interview!

IUFRO World Day - Around the World in 24 Hours

Embark on a free journey around the world in three time zones with 24 hours of forest-related research topics, networking and emerging issues of relevancy for global policy makers! A unique opportunity to meet, interact, share and strengthen global research cooperation!

Join us on 28 and 29 September 2021 to connect, re-connect and interconnect all over the globe!
#IUFROWorldDay - click at:

We are very excited about the forthcoming IUFRO World Day - Digital Forest Science Forum 2021, and extremely grateful to all the IUFRO scientists and colleagues who have embraced this great challenge and will organize a live session and-or present recorded or static information about their current and future forest-related research activities and opportunities.

We would also like to thank the Austrian Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Regions and Tourism (BMLRT) for kindly sponsoring the event.

IUFRO World Day is all about sharing and discussing latest findings and ongoing activities in forest-related research, and about strengthening connections, meeting colleagues and finding out about global forest science collaboration in IUFRO and how to get involved.

We can proudly announce that there will be more than 70 live sessions hosted and run by IUFRO Divisions, Task Forces, Special Programmes and Projects, and Member Organizations, and a wide array of recorded or static information also provided by IUFRO Member Organizations.

Check out this impressive and comprehensive agenda and find the topics of your interest:

There are session cards and session descriptions available for all sessions at:https://www.iufroworldday.org/parallel-session

The session cards serve for social media promotion! Please feel free to use and share them widely!
Tag us 
@IUFROand mention #IUFROWorldDay!

Unique Interactive Map - the starting point for your free journey around the world of IUFRO!

Register at  https://www.iufroworldday.org/participation and you will be invited to enter our Interactive Map as soon as it opens a few days before the event. You will be notified correspondingly.

All sessions and contributions will be displayed on the Interactive Map. You can start your journey on Tuesday, 28 September 2021, at 08:00 am UTC and finish at around 11:30 am UTC on 29 September! Hop on and hop off as you like! The Map will help you find out which sessions are upcoming, which are ongoing, which are over, where the static content is, and much more.

There will also be a wide array of static content with latest news from Member Organizations! 

Sessions are marked with colored icons at the cities where they are hosted. Simply move your mouse over the icons to get session details and click on the links provided there to join a session and-or find static information.

Invitation to Lunch with IUFRO

If you have an appetite for knowledge and want to connect with the IUFRO network, you are invited to join us for a virtual lunchtime session – at least it will be lunchtime in the center of each time zone region. You will learn about IUFRO and the 2024 IUFRO World Congress, take part in a discussion where young and early-career scientists talk about their career path and their relationship with IUFRO, and then get to know the work of the IUFRO Divisions in detail, among other things. There will be three of these sessions – one in each time zone group:Tuesday, 28 September, 09:40-12:00 am UTC and 17:40-20:00 pm UTC; Wednesday, 29 September, 04:40-07:00 am UTC https://www.iufroworldday.org/lunch-sessions

Don't miss our quiz during the lunch session!

There is a great prize to win in each time zone especially for young and early-career scientists! We are grateful to CABI for kindly sponsoring a subscription to the Forestry Compendium, or English language editing support. You win, you choose!

Three Prominent Science-Policy Forums

Each of the time zone groups will also hold a science-policy forum. In these forums, cutting edge research and emerging issues of relevancy for policy and decision makers as well as new and promising approaches to global challenges will be discussed.

All three forums will have eminent panelists including national and international policymakers and renowned experts in the respective regions and globally. The forums last for 1.5 hours each and are organized in the "prime time" of each region following the "Lunch with IUFRO" sessions.

Forest-based Bioeconomy for All - Opportunities and Challenges
28 September 2021 - 12:00 - 13:30 pm UTC
Collaboratively organized by the African Forest Forum and the University of Freiburg, Germany

Forests and Fire - Intersectionality of Forests and People
28 September 2021 - 20:00 - 21:30 pm UTC
Collaboratively organized by the US Forest Service and Embrapa, Brazil

Forests and Water: Science-Policy-Practice Interface for Managing Forest and Water Interactions under a Changing Environment
29 September 2021 - 07:00 - 08:30 am UTC
Collaboratively organized by the Chinese Academy of Forestry and Murdoch University, Australia

For IUFRO this event is a new and bold step into the age of digital meetings. You can support its success by your showing interest, participating actively and promoting it widely among your peers and other interested audiences.

We are looking forward to seeing you during the IUFRO World Day!

The IUFRO Spirit

IUFRO News in its 50th Year

Exactly 30 years ago, the headline of IUFRO News Volume 20, No 3, 1991, read: The IUFRO Spirit. Dr. N.M. Salleh, who was IUFRO President at that time, reflected on the modus operandi of IUFRO with a view to the Centennial celebrations in 1992.

This is what he wrote, among other things: "In the pursuit for new knowledge and success in research, it is important for scientists and researchers to maintain contact with peers working in the same area. (…)

A key factor in developing such collaboration is the availability of leaders to play the leadership role to mobilize scientists working in a particular field. This is not as easy as it may seem as it takes commitment and dedication to the cause to maintain these informal networks. Such voluntary informal networks of scientists are the spirit of IUFRO. (…)

With the development of modern technology in communications and information exchange and storage, such IUFRO collaborative networks take new forms.

The effectiveness and modality of operation can be improved, but the basic foundation is the IUFRO SPIRIT – a spirit of a willingness to share, a spirit of open cooperation and a spirit of mutual support."

It's the spirit of IUFRO World Day!

Next GFEP Global Assessment: Forests and Human Health

By Dikshya Devkota, GFEP Project Manager

Following the successful completion of the last global assessment on Forests and Poverty, IUFRO's Global Forest Expert Panels (GFEP) Programme announces the topic of the new scientific assessment: Forests and Human Health. This is the eighth assessment in the frame of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF)'s Global Forest Expert Panels (GFEP) initiative.

The United Nations estimates that less than half of the global population is covered by essential health services. Adding to the low rate of coverage there has been a recent surge in zoonotic diseases, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, and illness and deaths from such diseases are expected to spike in the future. The implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can strengthen the momentum for combatting these pressing challenges. The third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 3) aims to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.

Several studies have concluded that nature, particularly forests, contribute to physical and mental well-being and can notably improve human health. Forests can act as a buffer that maintains well-being, provides resources (e.g., food and medicine) and services such as air purification or recreation, especially in urban areas, potentially reducing exposure to environmental diseases and other hazards. However, the relationship between forests and human health is complex, as evidence also shows that forest proximate communities are more prone to zoonotic diseases, which are often exacerbated by forest degradation and encroachment.

Consequently, in July 2021, IUFRO-GFEP proposed Forests and Human Health as the topic of the next global assessment and obtained the CPF's endorsement to proceed. The assessment will provide reliable and synthesized scientific information, crucial to efficiently utilize the synergies and achieve optimal trade-offs between human health, and the conservation, restoration, and sustainable management of forest ecosystems, their biodiversity (including wildlife), as well as trees in other land-uses. This global assessment report planned to be published in March 2023, will contribute to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by highlighting the nexus between SDG 3: Good Health and Well-Being and SDG 15: Life on Land, as well as relevant links to other SDGs.

Following the endorsement of the topic by the CPF, selected scientists and CPF members convened for a virtual scoping meeting on 25-26th August 2021. Discussions during the meeting focused on defining the scope and thematic elements of the new GFEP assessment, as well as drafting the outline of the report. Based on the outcomes of the meeting, the Terms of Reference (ToR) including the study outline, have been developed. Based on the ToR, renowned scientists from all regions of the world will be invited to join the Expert Panel. The 1st meeting of the Expert Panel on Forests and Human Health is planned for November 2021.

Regular updates on the assessment will be posted at:

The Power of Social Innovation

To increase the wellbeing of forest-dependent communities in the Carpathian and other mountain regions

Report by Maria Nijnik, Coordinator of IUFRO Working Party 4.05.05 - Social innovation and entrepreneurship https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-4/40000/40500/40505/

IUFRO Unit 04.05.05 Social innovation and entrepreneurship organized a special session of the 6th Forum Carpaticum entitled "The power of social innovation in mountain areas to steer a sustainable governance of nature". Scientists from all over the world came together online to discuss the emergence and development of social innovation in the Carpathian Mountains and beyond. http://carpathianscience.org/forum/forum-carpaticum-2020/

The Forum presentations included a conceptual talk based on findings on social innovation in mountain forestry from the H2020 SIMRA http://www.simra-h2020.eu/ project coordinated by the James Hutton Institute, topics on how social innovation can offer transformative opportunities to forestry in Ukraine; communities' empowerment through carbon forestry in Slovakia; impacts of social innovation on inequalities in mountain-lowland relationships in the Swiss Alps; citizen science and adopting Living Lab approach to foster sustainability transformations and foster biodiversity conservation through participatory management of nature protected areas, and others.

Prof. Dr. Maria Nijnik https://www.hutton.ac.uk/staff/maria-nijnik, Steering Committee member of Science for the Carpathians and the leader of the Session on social innovation said, "The session aimed to advance the knowledge on the role, power and place of social innovation in the development of Carpathian socio-ecological system, seeking to provide innovative solutions and sustainability considerations and ideas potentially useful for policy makers and practice communities of different levels, with ultimate aims of building the resilience to global changes in marginalized mountain areas."

The session leaders formulated recommendations for Science for the Carpathians and the Secretariat for the Carpathian Convention http://www.carpathianconvention.org/, emphasizing that:

  • social (including socio-ecological) innovations and innovative forest governance are important for sustainable development in the Carpathians to help reduce marginalization processes;
  • it is important to analyze and improve the ways of how public and private sectors, various partnerships and collaborations can enhance, scale-up and scale-out social innovations in mountain areas and forest-dependent communities;
  • attention is to be given to considering enablers and barriers to answer the question of how social innovations can deliver transformative opportunities on the ground.

Dr. Mariana Melnykovych, a Deputy Coordinator of the IUFRO Unit on Social innovation and entrepreneurship and newly elected Steering Committee member of Science for the Carpathians commented, "Policy support is of outmost importance for reaching sustainability objectives. We trust that our messages to decision-makers on how to foster sustainability transition through social innovations in the Carpathians will be considered by the communities of practice at various levels to contribute to the development of better policies for mountain regions and steer the green recovery". http://carpathianscience.org/about/s4c-scientific-steering-commitee/

As a follow-up to the Forum Carpaticum and to promote knowledge sharing, Maria Nijnik delivered two educational modules for the United Nations Mountain Partnership: Course 2021 (FAO, 6-19 July) with her lectures explaining the role and place of social innovation in the Post-Covid-19 process of green recovery in mountain areas.  http://www.fao.org/mountain-partnership/our-work/capacitydevelopment/ipromo/course-2021/en/

Approximately 35 participants attended this online course (selected among government staff, development experts and practitioners from all over the world). Social innovation examples from forestry in Scotland were presented, along with selected findings from forest research conducted under the Strategic Research Programme of The Scottish Government, the European Commission supported SIMRA Project and our collaborative work in the Carpathian region. Online classes will be made publicly available

The Reduced-Impact Logging for Climate Approach (RIL-C)

Report by Efi Yuliati Yovi, Coordinator of IUFRO Research Group 3.07.00 Forest Operation in The Tropics

Meeting website: https://fahutan.ipb.ac.id/

Recording: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f1ChAsbuRxE

The webinar entitled "Forest Operation and Climate Change: the RIL-C Approach" took place on 21 July 2021 and attracted 251 participants from 14 countries. It was kindly supported by the Faculty of Forestry and Environment IPB University, Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, University Putra Malaysia.

Tropical forests play an important role in the global environmental discussions as they are well recognized as the harbors of the Earth's biodiversity. To promote sustainable management of tropical forests, forest operations are important, but they face challenges: On the one hand, the forest is important to support the economy of a country. On the other hand, this activity may have negative environmental impacts.

The problem of carbon emissions is a global problem that is getting serious attention. Forest harvesting activities are estimated to account for at least half of the forest degradation emissions. Therefore, efforts to reduce the negative impact of logging on carbon emissions have been widely recognized. This webinar raised the topic of reduced-impact logging for climate RIL-C from the point of view of academics and practitioners.

The webinar highlighted the following facts and findings:

  • Tropical forests are well known as the center of Earth's biodiversity.
  • Tropical forests play an important role in addressing global environmental problems.
  • Selective logging is a logging technique that is believed to reduce the negative impact of carbon emissions
  • Reduced-impact logging (RIL) is believed to reduce carbon emissions from logging activities.
  • The discussion is expected to sharpen understanding of the benefits and provide a starting point for identifying RIL-C best practices with the best potential for reducing carbon emissions.

Despite the various obstacles that occur in application in the field, reduced-impact logging (RIL) has shown good performance in reducing environmental impacts. However, a fair carbon trade scheme is still needed to support strong commitment from actors in the field. The fair carbon trade mechanism will be one of the motivating factors for implementing RIL-C.

The second round of the webinar series will be held in November 2021, highlighting the potential contribution of NTFPs as important tropical forest commodities.

International Symposium: Ecosystem Restoration for Green and Peace Asia

Report by Ho Sang KANG, Coordinator of IUFRO RG 1.10.00 – Long-term research on forest ecosystem management https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-1/10000/11000/

The International Symposium on Ecosystem Restoration for Green and Peace Asia was held on 18 August 2021 (UTC/GMT +9, Seoul, Republic of Korea) in Alpensia, Pyeongchang, Republic of Korea and gathered 100 participants. It was kindly organized by the Korean Society of Forest Science, Institutes of Green Bio Science and Technology, Seoul National University, and sponsored by Pyeongchang County, Gangwon Convention & Visitors Bureau, Korean Federation of Science & Technology Societies, National Institute of Forest Science, International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO), Korea Forest Service.

Meeting website: http://www.manuscriptlink.com/society/ksfs/conference/ksfs2021summer/programBook  

Report abridged by the editor; read full report at:

Asia is the Earth's largest and most populous continent, covering approximately 30% of the Earth's total land area and 8.7% of Earth's total surface area. Asia is notable not only for its overall large size and population, but also for its large and dense settlements, as well as its vast but barely populated regions. Asia's 4.5 billion people constitute roughly 60% of the world's population.

Asia's economy is growing rapidly, led by a rising middle class, but it faces major policy challenges such as inequality, uncertain land tenure, unsustainable land use, loss of biodiversity, food insecurity, and climate change. In addition, agricultural expansion and unsustainable land use change has made the region one of the world's largest sources of greenhouse gas emissions.

Unsustainable land use can be at the root of a health crisis. Desertification, land degradation, and drought lead to social and environmental challenges such as reduced livelihoods, forced migration, water scarcity, and biodiversity loss. These problems put millions of people at risk. In particular, deforestation and forest degradation have resulted in both environmental and socio-economic damage.

The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration is an opportunity to help turn the tide and create a sustainable future for Earth's nature and Earth's people. To develop a network among forest-related institutions in Asian region, policymakers and international organizations were invited to share their ideas for Ecosystem Restoration for Green and Peace Asia.

The objectives of this symposium were to share successful cases and lessons learned, and current projects or programs on ecosystem restoration; to discuss effective and efficient strategies for ecosystem restoration for Green and Peace Asia; and to strengthen a cooperative network for ecosystem restoration at the regional level among Asian countries and international organizations.


Just as forest ecosystems are characterized by interconnectedness at all levels – from tiny microorganisms to towering old-growth trees – land restoration efforts likewise must be characterized by interconnectedness on every level.

And just as the forest ecosystem sustains and benefits every organism within it, land restoration likewise must be undertaken with an awareness of how to make the socio-economic and environmental benefits available to everyone involved – from local households and villages to cities, regions, nations, and the international community.

Top-down, agency-specific, rigid bureaucratic approaches to forest management must be replaced by bottom-up collaborative initiatives that invite horizontal cooperation and multi-sector participation, and lead to long-term economic viability and profit generation rather than ongoing dependence on public funding.

To maximize the impact of limited resource allocation, it is essential to identify hotspots for biodiversity loss, regions facing imminent environmental crises due to climate change, areas of total devastation with potential for dramatic ecological improvement and increased land value (e.g. former mining sites), situations where conservation and management of existing forests takes priority over establishing new forests, and impoverished communities that stand to gain significant economic benefits from participating in afforestation efforts.

The unique insights brought to the table by the diverse group of experts at this symposium lay the groundwork for developing more effective and efficient land restoration strategies and pave the way towards greater knowledge sharing and building a network of cooperation among Asian countries and international organizations.

It was proposed at the meeting to create a collaboration and Technical-Scientific Cooperation Network with the purpose of integrating forest pests and disease management in the Asian countries supporting by the Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFoCO) and FAO.


Indigenous and Traditional Knowledge and Practices, Public Policy, Multi-jurisdictional Governance

Report by Janette Bulkan, University of British Columbia, Coordinator, IUFRO Unit 9.03.07, and Stephen Wyatt, Université de Moncton, Deputy-Coordinator, IUFRO Unit 9.03.00

IUFRO Divisions 6 and 9, and especially RG 9.03.00, successfully organized six special sessions, with 29 presentations, on the themes of Indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices, public policy and multi-jurisdictional governance, and social aspects as part of the 20th Commonwealth Forestry Conference hosted by the University of British Columbia (Canada) from 16-18 August 2021.

Last held in 2017 in India, CFC 2021 took place entirely in an on-line format. The registration cost was affordable, ranging from Canadian $ 15 for students from low- and middle- income countries through to Canadian $ 100 for standard registration from high-income countries. Overall, the 425 Conference participants were drawn from 54 countries and 17 time zones.

As would be expected, presenters who were physically located in the global North had a heavy presence in the academic-oriented sessions. Of the 29 presenters in the six IUFRO sessions, 23 of the presenters were physically located in a global North university or country and six in a global South country. 14 presenters were master's or doctoral students. While only one student was presenting from the global South, a majority of students were either from the South or presenting a study in the South.

Each presenter was able to give a 15-minute presentation, followed by five minutes allocated for questions and answers. Between 20 and 30 persons attended each of our six panel sessions. Participants took advantage of both the question periods and the ‘chat function' in Zoom to ask questions and offer comments on the presentations.

Two sessions focused on livelihoods and traditional knowledge (8 presentations); three sessions on State and non-State policies and the interlinkages with communities and forest health (15 presentations); and one session on Indigenous forestry (6 presentations).

In all sessions, presentations described current and recent practices in interactions between forest-dependent peoples, the biophysical resources and multi-jurisdictional governance.

Some presentations underscored the value for livelihoods of being able to capitalize on Indigenous and traditional forest practices and uses through forest-based tourism and recreation, thereby ensuring that knowledge is not lost but being practiced and passed on between human generations. Other presentations focused on the interlinked livelihood and socio-cultural values of traditional/Indigenous practices for maintenance of forest resources when actively or passively neglected by governments.

A cross-cutting thread among the sessions was the value of systematizing and formalizing the documentation of Indigenous and traditional practices to ensure that Indigenous value systems are better known, respected (including by government agencies) and protocols observed within and outside communities.

Some presentations showed the continued reliance on traditional forest resources, especially for women who shoulder greater responsibility for family subsistence in poor households and for older people with few or no other sources of livelihood. The critical role of women in safeguarding commons' resources and traditional knowledge recurred in several presentations.

The value of fieldwork was evident and appreciated for their insights on governance and the impacts, both positive and adverse, of public policies. Case studies in both global North and South countries showed the gulf that can continue to exist between government and other external agencies on the one hand and local communities and small-scale businesses on the other.

One presentation described apparently arbitrary government decisions with negative effects on security of forest tenure and on the forest itself while other presentations offered examples of multi-jurisdictional governance that are working with traditional landowners to redress past public policies that failed to recognize their rights.

An important value of the conference was the opportunity afforded in allowing students to present the results of simple social surveys. At the same time, a few presentations also underlined the hazards of students not knowing or understanding the governance or tenure contexts or history of forest use. No formal experiments were described or proposed.


A key lesson in several presentations was the need to increase livelihood value/income for small-scale practitioners by training or branding and marketing of local specialties. Training was especially recommended for young adults in rural communities in both the global North and South.

Another important lesson is the need to communicate research findings in a variety of formats for evolution of policy. Despite the 15-minute time constraint, we would have liked to see more evidence of forward thinking in the case studies. This could have included indications of how people/communities are thinking about more intensive forest use or more conservative forest management for protection of biodiversity or functionalities of natural ecosystems. There were too few references to the predictions of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and how people/forest interactions must change.

One general recommendation for students is the need to have a better understanding of formal legislation, including safeguards for tenure rights, and community rules about management of forest resources, and of local history.

Nontimber Forest Products & Bioeconomy Webinar Series

Report by James Chamberlain, Coordinator of IUFRO Task Force Unlocking the bioeconomy with Nontimber Forest products https://www.iufro.org/science/task-forces/bioeconomy-and-non-timber-forest-products/

The first in a new series of webinars on Nontimber Forest Products & Bioeconomy attracted 150 participants from 35 countries on 5 continents. It was kindly hosted by USDA Forest Service, Forest History Society and Renmin University of China.

Meeting website:https://foresthistory.org/education/presentations-and-discussions/ntfp-web-series/

Nontimber forest products are goods used for food, medicine, decorations and other essential items. Direct and indirect consumption of these products support billions of people worldwide. The bioeconomy emphasizes knowledge-based production and use of renewable biological resources to provide existing and new products through sustainable process. The IUFRO Task Force "Unlocking the Bioeconomy and Nontimber Forest Products, a team of over 70 experts is exploring research issues that encourage or impede integration of these products into bioeconomies. The webinar series is an opportunity to hear from experts on contemporary research that strengthens knowledge about these products within a bioeconomy concept.

Dr. Sven Mutke, head of service for Forest Industries at the Forest Research Center of Spanish National Research Council, and coordinator of the IUFRO Research Group on Silviculture edible nonwood forest products, discussed Mediterranean forest ecosystems and the goods provided – pine nuts, mushrooms. These nontimber forest products are increasingly part of bioeconomy – an economic model that embraces forests as sources of food while prioritizing biodiversity and sustainability.

Also see:https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/webinars/ntfp/


Cut less, leave longer: decades of data show we are over-exploiting tropical rainforests

Article by Plinio Sist, Cirad-ES, Directeur-Director UR Forêts et Sociétés, Tropical managed Forests Observatory (TmFO) Coordinator, IUFRO 1.02.00 Silviculture of tropical forests https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-1/10000/10200/, in The Conversation, September 8, 2021, https://theconversation.com/cut-less-leave-longer-decades-of-data-show-we-are-over-exploiting-tropical-rainforests-167426

Timber harvesting in tropical forests concerns only a very small number of trees of commercial interest. (…) Among these, only the largest trees of more than 50 to 80 cm in diameter are felled and harvested. The forest is then left to rest, generally for 25 to 35 years, which should theoretically allow the forest to recover the stock of harvested timber, but data shows that, in reality, these resting periods are vastly underestimated.

Building a Successful Forestry Career in Africa - Virtual Book Launch

By Juliet Achieng Owuor, Junior Researcher in the EFI-IFSA-IUFRO collaborative project, and Deputy Coordinator of the Joint IUFRO-IFSA Task Force on Forest Education

The output from the Young African Forestry Professionals Publication Project (YAFP) is finally out, a book titled "Building a successful forestry career in Africa: inspirational stories and opportunities." The book was launched on 12 August 2021 in a virtual event organized by the Joint IUFRO-IFSA Task Force on Forest Education (JTF) and the International Forestry Students' Association (IFSA).

Over 400 lecturers, researchers, policy makers, and students from over 25 countries registered for the launch, representing academia, NGOs, research organizations, international organizations and government agencies among others. The eleven speakers who graced the event comprised of renowned forestry experts from Africa, the team from IUFRO, IFSA, and the JTF. Dr. Sandra Rodriguez-Piñeros moderated the event.

Dr. Michael Kleine from the IUFRO-SPDC lauded the project team for putting the book together which will inspire upcoming forestry professionals. He encouraged students and early career professionals to utilize the available networking opportunities within IUFRO to interact with professionals in their fields of interest and obtain relevant experience. He confirmed that IUFRO is committed to distributing the book widely within Africa.  

Prof. Mike Wingfield, the Founding Director of the Forest and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI) and the immediate past IUFRO president, acknowledged the book as relevant for the future of the sector. His parting shot was "The future of forestry as a profession linked to forests lies in the field of forest education." Read his message in the Foreword section of the book.

This book offers African solutions to African problems. It features 23 inspiring stories from young forestry professionals from 12 African countries, while also highlighting relevant forest-related networking and academic institutions and other career development tips.

The dynamic group of authors comprised of students and researchers with diverse experience and different nationalities across Africa and consisted of the team from the JTF: Alex Bimbo Onatunji (Coordinator), Juliet Achieng Owuor (Deputy Coordinator), Sandra Rodriguez-Piñeros (Coordinator), and Folaranmi Babalola (Deputy coordinator for Forest Education, IUFRO RG 6.09.00), and YAFP project consultants Scovia Akello and Opeyemi Adeyemi.

To further promote the book, six IFSA Local Committees from three African countries will organize local launch events to raise awareness about the book among high school students about to make career decisions and universities students already studying forestry through financial support offered by IFSA.

Universities offering forest and forest-related degrees in Africa can order free hardcopy here (Deadline - October 15, 2021): https://forms.gle/c1Xv32yeKH3AnYLt7

Virtual launch event recording is available at: https://youtu.be/QJ4bgmmrohQ

Download the book at: https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/publications/other-publications/building-a-successful-forestry-career-in-africa.pdf

Link to the full report: https://www.iufro.org/science/task-forces/forest-education/yafp/

Employment and Sustainability in Latin American Forests

IUFRO Spotlight #90

IUFRO and the International Forestry Students' Association (IFSA) – through a Joint IUFRO-IFSA Task Force on Forest Education (JTF) – have joined forces with Reforestamos in developing an ambitious "how-to" forest-based entrepreneurship guide for use throughout Latin America.

Reforestamos is a Mexico-based NGO with a mission to safeguard forest landscapes needed for sustainable development in the region. It has, among other initiatives, supported the creation of small and growing businesses by people living in and from the forests.

The result of the IUFRO-IFSA-Reforestamos collaboration is the "Guide to Forestry-Based Entrepreneurship", now also available in English.

The guide has been implemented in different scenarios at national and international levels and is available in English at: https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/science/task-forces/tf-forest-education/guide_to_forestry-based_entrepreneurship.pdf

Spanish version: https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/science/task-forces/tf-forest-education/Guia-Emprendimiento-Forestal.pdf

A Guide to Forest–Water Management

IUFRO contributed to a new FAO-led report launched at World Water Week. This comprehensive global publication provides guidance on the contribution of forests for a holistic approach to water resource management.

Forests and trees play a vital role in meeting the world's increasing demand for water and need to be managed for water-related ecosystem services, according to a new guide co-published by the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO), the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, the United States Forest Service and partners, and launched on 25 August at World Water Week.

Among other things, the guide calls for enhanced forest management that prioritizes the provision of water-related ecosystem services. This is needed to ensure forests also fulfill their potential as a nature-based solution to address water security, helping ensure sufficient quality water to sustain resilient communities and ecosystems.

"We are convinced that the valuation of ecosystem services is the starting point for managing forests and all the benefits they provide," said Shirong Liu, IUFRO Vice President and Deputy Coordinator of the IUFRO Task Force on Forests and Water Interactions in a Changing Environment. Professor Shirong Liu signed the foreword of the publication together with Dr. Mette Wilkie, Director, Forestry Division, FAO.
Find the report at: https://www.iufro.org/science/task-forces/forests-water-interaction-changing-environment/activities-and-events/

Read a media release and find a download link at: http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/1434541/icode/

Scientific Papers

Forests, trees and poverty alleviation: Policy implications of current knowledge

Daniel C. Miller, Stephanie Mansourian, Mónica Gabay, Reem Hajjar, Pamela Jagger, Peter Newton, Johan A. Oldekop, Onja H. Razafindratsima, Priya Shyamsundar, Terry Sunderland, Christoph Wildburger

Major advances have been made over the past two decades in our understanding of the contribution forests and trees outside forests make to human well-being across the globe. Yet this knowledge has not always been incorporated into broader poverty and development policy agendas.

The result is a missed opportunity to effectively and sustainably reach national and international poverty alleviation goals. Here, the authors address the need for greater integration of forests and trees in development policy. They distil five key findings based on the current evidence base and discuss their implications for decision-makers.

This article is related to the 2020 publication by GFEP: Forests, Trees and the Eradication of Poverty: Potential and Limitations. A Global Assessment Report.

The Digital Forest: Mapping a Decade of Knowledge on Technological Applications for Forest Ecosystems

S. A. Nitoslawski, K. Wong-Stevens, J. W. N. Steenberg, K. Witherspoon, L. Nesbitt, C. C. Konijnendijk van den Bosch. First published: 07 July 2021, https://doi.org/10.1029/2021EF002123

There is global recognition that healthy forests are key to ensuring a sustainable future, yet they are threatened by climate change and various human activities and impacts. Meanwhile, our world is becoming increasingly digital. Yet little research has fully identified and discussed the uses and implications of these new tools, devices, and techniques, which is a gap that the authors aim to fill.

Eucalyptus scab and shoot malformation: A new and serious foliar disease of Eucalyptus caused by Elsinoe necatrix sp. nov.

Nam Q. Pham, Seonju Marincowitz, Myriam Solís, Tuan A. Duong, Brenda D. Wingfield, Irene Barnes, Bernard Slippers, Jupiter I. Muro Abad, Alvaro Durán, Michael J. Wingfield. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13348

In 2014, a new and serious leaf and shoot disease of unknown aetiology appeared in Eucalyptus plantations of North Sumatra, Indonesia. The disease is characterized by black necrotic spots that initially appear on young leaves and petioles, which become scab-like as the lesions age. This study includes a description of the pathogen and characterization of the disease, for which the name Eucalyptus scab and shoot malformation is suggested.

Call for Journal Contributions

Forest Operations under Challenging Conditions: Operating, Environmental and Safety Constraints

Journal: Forests; Guest Editors:  Prof. Dr. Raffaele Cavalli, Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry TESAF, University of Padova, Padova, Italy, Dr. Andrew McEwan, Forestry and Wood Technology, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Deadline: 30 November 2021
Details: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/forests/special_issues/forests_operations

Forest operations often need to take place under specific demanding conditions, i.e., steep slopes, wet soils, rocky sites, biodiversity protection areas, touristic sites, etc. Operating under such conditions presents technology and management challenges. Harvesting machines and systems are subjected to harsher working conditions that affect machine reliability, resulting in mechanical breakdowns, and can also reduce machine productivity due to the need for slower operations when working e.g., on side slopes or down steep slopes.

Recent Advances in Non-destructive Evaluation of Wood: In-forest Wood Quality Assessments

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Wood Science and Forest Products". Guest Editor: Dr. Xiping Wang, USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI, USA

This special issue of Forests calls for research papers on in-forest wood quality assessments using emerging nondestructive and precision-based technologies and wood quality modeling with a focus on forest resource evaluation and wood utilization.
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 July 2022.
Additional information: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/forests/special_issues/Nondestructive_Wood_Evaluation

IUFRO-JAPAN News No. 130

March 11, 2021 was the 10-year anniversary of the Great East Japan Earthquake, and on April 14, a webinar titled "Forests in Fukushima and Chernobyl -people, wildlife, and landscape-" was held. It was jointly organized by the two Working Parties of the IUFRO: 8.04.07, radioactive contamination of forest ecosystems, and 8.01.02, landscape ecology. In Issue No. 130, Toshiya Matsuura briefly introduces the recent activities of WP 8.01.02, and Shoji Hashimoto, who was the moderator, overviews the webinar. (The annual report of IUFRO-J activities is included in this issue.) Download at: https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/discover/iufro-japan-news-130.pdf


Obituary: Hans-Jakob MUHS

On 20 July 2021 Dr. Hans-Jakob Muhs, longstanding IUFRO officeholder and recipient of the IUFRO Distinguished Service Award, passed away in Kleve, Germany.

Dr. Muhs contributed to IUFRO for 30 years. He co-chaired IUFRO WP S2.04-05 on Biochemical Genetics, (1973–1986), founded, coordinated and participated in two IUFRO units – the Interdivisional WP S2.10.00 on Improvement and Silviculture of Beech (1984–1996) and WP S2.03-14 on Legislation on Forest Reproductive Material (1985–2004).

Hans-Jakob Muhs organized and supported numerous IUFRO workshops and meetings in these fields and in 1995 received the IUFRO Certificate of Appreciation as well as the IUFRO DSA in 2004 for his long-term contribution into IUFRO advances in biochemical genetics, improvement and silviculture of beech, and on legislation on forest reproductive material.

Dr. Muhs earned his Diploma in Wood Science at the University of Hamburg (1968). He served as Deputy Director of the BFH – Institut fur Forstgenetik (1976–1989) and Director until his retirement (2004). He established several international series of beech provenance trials and initiated additional series after détente (1990) in the eastern part of the distribution area. More than 400 provenances originating from the whole area of distribution were tested on over 70 field-testing sites located throughout the range of beech. IUFRO helped in collecting the numerous seed samples and in establishment of the field sites. After intensive work and over 12 sessions, a majority of countries adopted the completely revised draft of the OECD Scheme. The revision of the OECD-Scheme would not have been possible without the contacts provided by IUFRO and active involvement of Dr. Muhs. (Obituary text kindly provided by Victor Teplyakov and Walter Liese)

Obituary: George STANKEY

Former Deputy Leader of IUFRO Division 6 (1987 – 1995) and long-time participant in IUFRO activities, Dr. George Stankey, 78, passed away on August 18, 2021. George is best known for his pioneering research on many aspects of wilderness and outdoor recreation in the United States and other countries. He was a co-author of the textbook, Wilderness Management. With close colleagues he helped develop the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS) planning and Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC) wilderness planning systems, and his research engaged broadly the Human Dimensions of Natural Resources.

George earned bachelor's and master's degrees in Geography at Oregon State University and a PhD in Geography at Michigan State University (1971). He began his professional career with the USDA Forest Service Wilderness Management Research Unit in Missoula, Montana in 1968. In 1980 and 1981 he took leave from his research assignment and joined the faculty of the Canberra College of Advanced Education in Australia. He returned to his research post in Missoula in 1982 until he resigned to accept a joint position with the Kuring-gai College of Advanced Education and the New South Wales National Park Service in Australia in 1987. In 1990 he returned to the United States, joining the College of Forestry at Oregon State University. In 1996 he rejoined Forest Service Research as part of the People and Natural Resources Program of the Pacific Northwest Research Station. He was stationed in Corvallis, Oregon until his retirement in 2006, at which time he moved to the Oregon Coast.

George's entry into IUFRO activities was as a coauthor of a paper delivered at the World Congress in Oslo, Norway in 1976. From that point he participated in numerous Division 6 subject group meetings and subsequent World Congresses. His engaging personality and quick wit are characteristics that many Division 6 and 9 members will remember.

George is survived by his wife, Jackie, two daughters, three grandchildren, and many friends and colleagues with whom he worked over many years. (Obituary text kindly provided by Perry Brown.)



Department Head, Forestry and Natural Resources (FNR)

Apply by 8 November 2021 / Click here for details:https://careers.purdue.edu/job/West-Lafayette-Department-Head%2C-Forestry-&-Natural-Resources-IN-47906/740311400/
The principal focus of the Head is to provide visionary leadership working with a diverse group of outstanding faculty and staff in pursuit of national and international excellence in research, teaching, and extension.
Duty station: College of Agriculture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA

IUFRO Meetings

For a full list of IUFRO meetings go to our online calendar at:  https://www.iufro.org/events/calendar/current/  
Find non-IUFRO meetings on the IUFRO Noticeboard at:  https://www.iufro.org/discover/noticeboard/

27-30 Sep 2021
Joint Annual Meeting of the Council on Forest Engineering (COFE) and the International Symposium on Forest Mechanization (FORMEC): COFE/FORMEC 2021: Forest Engineering Family – Growing Forward from Our Roots
IUFRO 3.00.00, 3.01.00 https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-3/30000/30100/
Contact: Woodam Chung, woodam.chung(at)oregonstate.edu
Karl Stampfer, karl.stampfer(at)boku.ac.at

28-29 Sep 2021
IUFRO World Day
Online, 24 hours in three time zone regions
Free registration at: https://www.iufroworldday.org/participation
Contact: Carola Egger, egger(at)iufro.org

30 Sep 2021
Webinar: Stone Pine Cultivation and the Emerging Bioeconomy in Chile
Online 2021, 9:30–10:30 a.m. ET / 1330–1430 UTC
Task Force Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products"
Speaker: Verónica Loewe Muñoz, Chilean Forestry Institute, INFOR, Contact: James Chamberlain, james.l.chamberlain(at)usda.gov

4-6 Oct 2021
Managerial, Social and Environmental Aspects of the Forest-based Sector for Sustainable Development: 40th Anniversary Conference for 4.05.00
Hybrid, Brno, Czech Republic
IUFRO 4.05.00 https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-4/40000/40500/
Contact: Lidija Zadnik Stirn, lidija.zadnik(at)bf.uni-lj.si
Pavlína Pancová Šimková, pavlina.simkova(at)mendelu.cz

20 Oct 2021
Webinar: Comparing the Potential of Non-Wood Forest Products in Six European Regions
Online 7:30-8:30 a.m. ET / 1130–1230 UTC
Task Force Webinar Series "Unlocking the Bioeconomy and Non-Timber Forest Products"
Speaker: Harald Vacik, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences – Institute of Silviculture, Austria
Contact: James Chamberlain, james.l.chamberlain(at)usda.gov

20 Oct 2021
Webinar Series "Automation in Forest Operations" - Webinar 3
Online UTC+2, 3 pm
IUFRO 3.00.00, 3.01.00 https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-3/30000/30100/
Contact: Angelo Conrado de Arruda Moura,
Raffaele Cavalli, raffaele.cavalli(at)unipd.it
Ola Lindroos, ola.lindroos(at)slu.se

4, 12, 18 Nov 2021
Rewilding the Mind - Rewilding the Body: An inclusive approach to re-establishing contacts with nature
IUFRO 9.03.00 https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-9/90000/90300/
Contact: Ian Rotherham, i.d.rotherham(at)shu.ac.uk

24-28 Apr 2022
IUFRO – Extension & Knowledge Exchange
2022 Conference

Asheville, North Carolina, United States
IUFRO 9.01.03, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-9/90000/90100/90103/
Contact: William G Hubbard, whubbard(at)umd.edu

4-8 Jun 2023
All-Division 5 Conference: The Forest Treasure Chest - Delivering Outcomes for Everyone
Cairns, Australia
IUFRO 5.00.00, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-5/50000/
Contact: Roger Meder, rmeder(at)usc.edu.au
Andrew Wong, awong.unimas(at)gmail.com
Pekka Saranpää, pekka.saranpaa(at)luke.fi

Other Meetings

For more non-IUFRO meetings, please check the IUFRO Noticeboard:

21-23 Sep 2021
Global Landscapes Forum Amazonia

26-27 Sep 2021
3rd CPW Wildlife Forum
Hybrid, Budapest, Hungary
The Wildlife Forum is being held in the framework of the One with Nature (OWN) World Exhibition, https://onewithnature2021.org/en in Hungary from 25 September - 14 October 2021.
Contact: wild-life(at)fao.org

2–6 May 2022
XV World Forestry Congress: Building a Green, Healthy and Resilient Future with Forests
Coex, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Early Bird Registration until 30 November!

IUFRO News Double Issue 8/9, 2021, published in September 2021
by IUFRO Headquarters, Vienna, Austria.
Contact the editor at office(at)iufro(dot)org or visit https://www.iufro.org/

Imprint: https://www.iufro.org/legal/#c10402