IUFRO News, Volume 50, Issue 10, 2021


In this issue


IUFRO World Day - A Journey Around the World of Forest Research Cooperation

By Carola Egger, IUFRO World Day Project Manager

On 28 and 29 September 2021 IUFRO held the first ever all IUFRO digital online forest science forum:  IUFRO World Day. The forum offered 24 hours of networking with 79 live sessions, including three science/policy forums, and 50 contributions of static content on forest-related research topics. The World Day was held in three time zones - Africa/Europe, North/South America, and Asia/Oceania - and over 3000 participants from more than 100 countries all over the world registered for the event:  https://www.iufroworldday.org/  

An interactive world map was used as innovative meeting venue for the display of all contributions that were part of the IUFRO World Day. Over 50 Member Organizations and more than 50 IUFRO Units contributed to the event showing and sharing their work. The content was pinned on the map and participants were able to explore the map and its content at their own pace. Over 1700 visitors accessed the interactive map during the 24 hours of the IUFRO World Day, and more than 200 participants gathered on the interactive map at once during the peak times of the event.

Lunch with IUFRO

One central IUFRO Headquarters session per time zone invited people to a virtual lunch that served information on how IUFRO works and how to get involved. This included words of welcome by the IUFRO President, a video message by the Austrian Federal Minister of Agriculture, Regions and Tourism, live discussions with early-career scientists, a poster room for IUFRO Divisions, a quiz, and more. Find answers at:
https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/events/iufro-world-day/iufro-world-day-quiz-correct-answers.pdf

Science/Policy Forums

One Science/Policy Forum https://www.iufroworldday.org/science-policy-forums in each of the three time zone regions discussed emerging topics and highly relevant issues for policy makers. The forums aimed to make IUFRO heard and listened to by decision-makers who are shaping policies on climate change, the use of land and natural resources, and the SDGs, and thus, make a policy impact:

"Forest-based Bioeconomy for All: Opportunities and Challenges" was collaboratively organized by the African Forest Forum and the University of Freiburg, Germany, in Africa and Europe

"Forests and Fire: Intersectionality of Forests and People" was jointly organized by the USDA Forest Service and Embrapa Florestas, Brazil, in North and South America

"Forests and Water: Science-Policy-Practice Interface for Managing Forest and Water Interactions under a Changing Environment" was a collaborative activity led by the Chinese Academy of Forestry and the Murdoch University, Australia, in Asia and Oceania.

The interactive map (see picture) is still accessible on the IUFRO World Day website and contains contributions from the event to revisit! All static content items are still visible on the map and some recordings of live sessions are available in addition. IUFRO HQ will gradually upload more recorded sessions when they will be provided by session hosts. Go to:  https://www.iufroworldday.org/interactive-map

Statements by participants:

  • IUFRO's equal opportunity approach to research organizations to share their endeavours opens up vistas for wider collaborations.
  • IUFRO has opened many doors for me to exchange knowledge (...).

The event has been a major step in the adaptation of the IUFRO network to new ways of meeting, knowledge sharing, and embracing new technologies due to the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, it helped to achieve IUFRO's main goals of making forest science more visible, emphasizing diversity, and strengthening cooperation within our global research network.


10 Years of REDD+: Outcomes and Socio-Ecological Impacts

IUFRO World Day session on September 29, 2021
Blog post by Mirjana Volarev, IFSA Intern at IUFRO


(…) One of the sessions during IUFRO World Day was hosted by IUFRO's Global Forest Expert Panels (GFEP) Programme featuring Dr. Bhaskar Vira, Head of Department and Professor of Political Economy at the Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, in an interview with GFEP's Dr. Nelson Grima.

The session focused on climate change and forests as significant contributors to climate change mitigation and looked particularly at the development of REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation), and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries.

Dr. Vira started with an insightful overview of the core functions and purpose of REDD+. In the interview, he was able to share preliminary findings of an upcoming publication that is looking at "10 Years of REDD+:  Outcomes and Socio-Ecological Impacts". This is a follow-up study to the 2012 GFEP global assessment report entitled "Understanding Relationships between Biodiversity, Carbon, Forests and People:  The Key to Achieving REDD+ Objectives" and will be published during the first half of 2022. (…)

Read the blog at:  https://blog.iufro.org/2021/10/21/10-years-of-redd-outcomes-and-socio-ecological-impacts/

IUFRO's GFEP held two more live sessions during the IUFRO World Day, another one on REDD+ featuring IUFRO President Dr. John Parrotta from the US Forest Service, and a session on Forests, Trees and Poverty Alleviation in Africa, with Dr. Doris Mutta from the African Forest Forum. The recordings of all the sessions are available on the interactive World Day map. Visit Cambridge, UK; Washington DC, USA; and Nairobi, Kenya at: 
https://www.iufroworldday.org/interactive-map

To find out more about the REDD+ follow-up study, visit: 
https://www.iufro.org/science/gfep/follow-up-studies/biodiversity-forest-management-and-redd-2021/

Note:  At the upcoming Global Landscapes Forum on 5-7 November you will be able to watch a video in the live stream that shares preliminary findings of the upcoming report and talk with authors at the IUFRO-GFEP virtual boothhttps://conference.globallandscapesforum.org/climate-2021


IUFRO Congratulates Professor Bhaskar Vira!

The Academy of Social Sciences in London, UK, has conferred a Fellowship on Professor Bhaskar Vira, in recognition of his contribution to social science. Professor Vira's research crosses disciplinary boundaries, and spans the fields of political economy, development studies and environmental studies. His work examines the social, political and economic dimensions of natural resource management, and the relationship between natural ecosystems and human well-being. Visithttps://www.geog.cam.ac.uk/people/vira/


Sustainable Forest Management and NTFPs in the Era of Transition under Climate Change: Traditional Knowledge, Cultural Heritage, and Geographical Indication

IUFRO World Day session on September 29, 2021
Report by Ryo Kohsaka, Japan, Deputy Coordinator of Research Group 6.10.00 – Rural Development
https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-6/60000/61000/

The session was kindly hosted and-or supported by Nagoya University, Japan; Seoul National University, South Korea; National Institute of Forest Science, South Korea; Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Japan.

The meeting was held to share evidence on the roles of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in traditional forest management and maintenance of cultural landscape in different regions of the world. Production of NTFPs is one of the key components in sustainable forest management, thus, it is essential to discuss the current and future research trends related to this topic.

Four presentations were made by scientists from South Korea and Japan. The first and second presenters highlighted studies conducted in South Korea. The former discussed the change of NTFP policy through time and how to sustainably use them, while the latter presented traditional forest knowledge (TFK) and its implication for sustainability. The third presentation highlighted an on-going study of how to address aggregated informal responses of NTFP-household collectors to land developments in Cambodia. Lastly, the fourth presenter reflected on on-going discussions in applying geographical indications (GI) schemes for NTFPs to facilitate the production in local culture and tradition.

Conclusions: 

For the sustainable use of NTFPS in South Korea, five points were proposed by the principal investigator:  food safety (market segmentation), localization (rural development), traditional knowledge management, an ecosystem service-based approach, and a community-based management for its governance.

TFK excavation, utilization, and sharing and public awareness are needed to establish the unique characteristics of the country. For instance, in South Korea, where intangible TFK are lost or difficult to identify, TFK excavation is needed to establish what was lost and to restore it accordingly.

There were four steps proposed in addressing aggregated informal responses of NTFP household collectors in Cambodia. Number one is to identify the characteristics of affected households. This is followed by examining the current interventions and then mapping the spatial distribution of people vulnerable to deforestation. Finally, affected areas are strategically identified to apply the necessary interventions geographically.

Application of GI to non-edible NTFPs is feasible (as seen in Iwate Charcoal and Urushi in Japan) and can have a positive impact on forest management. However, providing proof of uniqueness can be a main challenge compared with proof of production processes. There is also a gap between government agencies and producers' associations that needs to be addressed, for instance, reaching a consensus on how the product should be produced before the registration.

To learn more about the individual presentations and upcoming opportunities and activities, please read the full report at:  https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-6/60000/61000/activities/

Visit Nagoya, Japan, on the interactive World Day map to review the session:
https://www.iufroworldday.org/interactive-map


FORECOS - Forest Ecosystems under Conditions of Climate Change: Biological Productivity and Remote Sensing

Report by Manuela Hirschmugl, Coordinator of IUFRO Working Party 4.02.05 Remote sensing https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-4/40000/40200/40205/ and
Eldar Kurbanov, Alternate Representative of Russian Federation to the IUFRO International Council


The FORECOS online meeting on 28-29 September 2021 attracted 78 participants from Austria, Finland, Greece, Russia, China, South Africa, Vietnam, Estonia, Italy, Australia. It was kindly hosted by Volgatech University and co-sponsored by the ERASMUS+ project SUFOGIS and the GEMOECO BRICS project and involved IUFRO Working Party 4.02.05 Remote sensing. Meeting website:  https://feucc.volgatech.net/  

The event touched upon topical issues of research and practice, including the remote monitoring of forest cover, international projects and technologies in the field of forest ecosystems in a changing climate. While essential progress has been achieved in the field, there remains a critical need for integrated understanding of the resilience and vulnerability of the forest ecosystems at the regional and global scales. The conference aimed at promoting the exchange of new research ideas and practices for the use of remote sensing for the estimation of forest ecosystems and tackling the issues of climate change.

The key issues that were discusses included:

  • Forest fires – fast detection, mapping, monitoring with EO (electro-optical systems)
  • International initiatives in forest monitoring with EO
  • Carbon assessment by remote sensing
  • Forest productivity and remote sensing
  • Climate implications for forests in relation to droughts, vitality, ecological functions

The FORECOS conference program included keynote addresses presented by a distinguished scientific committee, plenary talks, and panel discussions. After hearing and discussing the presented reports, the conference participants noted the timeliness and relevance of the issues of monitoring and reproduction of forests under conditions of climate change discussed at the forum. Conference participants concluded that the scientific community has built a solid basis in summarizing the remote sensing techniques to develop maps of the extreme events and observing their direct impact on forested and agricultural systems. However, there is a need for more research to enhance our understanding of the impacts and explore approaches for the mitigation of similar events in the future.

Conference proceedings will be published in a special issue of the IOP Conference Series:  Earth and Environmental Science (ESS). Published articles will be distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license. The next FORECOS conference is planned for September 2022.


Assessing Multi-Taxon Diversity in Forest Ecosystems

Report by Francesco Chianucci and Sabina Burrascano, Deputy Coordinators of IUFRO Working Party 8.02.01 https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-8/80000/80200/80201/

The event in Arezzo, Italy, on 28-30 September 2021 brought together 35 participants from 12 countries.
Meeting website:  https://www.bottoms-up.eu/en/networking-tools/training-schools.html

The Training School was organized within the framework of the COST Action CA18207 "Biodiversity of Temperate Forest Taxa Orienting Management Sustainability by Unifying Perspectives" (Bottoms-Up). The Action challenge is to increase the degree of sustainability of European temperate forest management for overall ecosystem (multi-taxon) biodiversity. For this purpose, the Training School was aimed at giving a comprehensive overview of multi-taxon biodiversity data issues in forest ecosystems with an emphasis on bridging the gap between theory and practice.

The complexity of multi-taxon information requires an integrated approach involving different sampling, statistic and ecologic perspectives and skills. The use of common standardized procedures and established open-source solutions can support largest comparability and sharing of data at spatially extensive scales.

Key issues that were discussed included: 

  • Sampling procedures for designing multi-taxon diversity experiments
  • Statistical procedures for modelling multi-taxon diversity data
  • Sound procedures for harmonizing, standardizing and comparing data
  • Upscaling and downscaling issues in multi-taxon data

Future short-term missions and training schools will be organized by the Bottoms-Up COST Action to further support and create synergies of local research efforts in a wider international perspective.

Related publications and websites:  https://www.bottoms-up.eu/en/
Burrascano et al. (2021). Handbook of field sampling for multi-taxon biodiversity studies in European forests. Ecological Indicators (accepted) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2021.108266


Biological Invasions in Forests: Trade, Ecology and Management

Report by Andrew Liebhold, former IUFRO Task Force Coordinator, and René Eschen, Coordinator IUFRO Working Party 7.03.12 https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-7/70000/70300/70312/

From 21-24 September 2021, a hybrid - in-person and online - conference was hosted by the Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, with 65 participants on site and some 40 more online. The meeting involved IUFRO Working Parties 7.03.12, 7.03.07 and 8.02.04.

In all regions of the world non-native organisms are establishing, with many of these species having serious impacts on local economies and ecosystems. Forests are particularly affected by biological invasions that sometimes transform community composition and adversely affect forest ecosystem services. Most invasions are a result of the increasing interconnectedness of global commerce and travel. This is an important area of research that focuses both on the ecology of invasions, as well as improving our understanding of invasion pathways and biosecurity programs that seek to mitigate damages.

The online and offline presentations covered a range of topics, including plant invasions and their impacts, up-to-date analyses of large border pest interception databases, chemical ecology, distribution and spread of invasive forest insects and pathogens, detection and trapping of alien pests and pathogens, and biological control of forest pests.

All together the presentations provided a broad overview of the causes, consequences and management of biological invasions in forests and tree plantations. The conference covered a wide range of invasive taxa and the presentations illustrated the many, but often similar issues, and how these are being addressed using diverse research methodologies and management interventions.

Videos of each of the in-person and remote presentations can be viewed at:  https://mediasite.czu.cz/Mediasite/Catalog/catalogs/iufro-2021


Ecology and Silviculture of Spruce in the Boreal Forest

Report by Karin Hjelm, Brad Pinno and Nelson Thiffault, Officeholders of IUFRO Working Party 1.01.08 - Ecology and silviculture of spruce https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-1/10000/10100/10108/

The 19th conference of the International Boreal Forest Research Association (IBFRA) was held virtually on 16-20 August 2021. Over 270 participants from more than 30 countries around the world joined the conference and helped develop an exciting, and vibrant platform for knowledge sharing: 
https://sites.google.com/alaska.edu/ibfra2021

Session 12 of the conference was organized by IUFRO WP 1.01.08 on 20 August and was attended by 31 participants from Sweden, Canada, Norway, Russia, US, Czechia, Latvia etc.

Session webpage:  https://sites.google.com/alaska.edu/ibfra2021/session-12

Spruce forests (dominated by members of the genus Picea) are a common and defining feature of the circumboreal forest. These forests are important ecologically, supporting a broad range of ecosystem services, and economically as the basis of many timber industries. The management intensity of these forests varies greatly, from little human intervention in remote natural forests, to heavily managed plantation forests in more accessible and productive areas.

However, spruce forests across the boreal region are becoming increasingly vulnerable to changes in fire regimes, drought and pest outbreaks along with human activities. In some regions range contractions are predicted without changes in management. The specific issues and challenges associated with managing spruce forests vary greatly across their range. This session focused on the linkages between spruce ecology and management.


How to Tackle the Climate Change Challenges?

Report by Sandra Rodriguez, Coordinator of IUFRO-IFSA Task Force on Forest Education

The Spanish language event "Gran Foro Internacional ¿qué hacer para enfrentar el cambio climático? retos y oportunidades" took place on 9 September 2021.
Meeting website:  https://www.car.gov.co/#gran_foro_internacional
 
Full 'foro' also available on Facebook:  https://www.facebook.com/watch/live?v=625108668474281&ref=watch_permalink
and YouTube:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VIijyYpbcmo&t=746s

The Corporación Autónoma Regional de Cundinamarca, CAR, Colombia, was the host of the forum and, according to statistics, more than 8000 people were connected, including participants from Colombia, Mexico, USA, Argentina, Spain, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Canada and Bolivia. The Joint IUFRO-IFSA Task Force on Forest Education, and Division 3 were involved in the event. More about the Joint Task Force: 
https://www.iufro.org/science/task-forces/forest-education/

The 'foro' was organized to let general audiences know about what the latest IPCC report is telling us about climate change. Organizers believe that it is time for all human beings to contribute to adopt actions to mitigate and respond to adverse effects of climate change.

During the 'foro', panelists presented what has been done in Colombia and in Latin America. Dr. René Zamora from WRI and officeholder of Division 3 presented a Latin America initiative to restore landscapes. Dr. Sandra Rodriguez presented challenges for forest education in Latin America and the importance to integrate all actors from all sectors to enhance forest education in the region.


On Sustainable Wildlife Management

IUFRO's GFEP team joined the Third Wildlife Forum of the Collaborative Partnership on Sustainable Wildlife Management (CPW), which took place on 26 and 27 September, both virtually and in-person.

The Forum dealt with topics such as zoonotic diseases, wildlife use and trade, human-wildlife conflicts, or sustainable wildlife management, which are of particular relevance for the Forests and Human Health study that GFEP has recently started:  https://www.iufro.org/science/gfep/gfep-initiative/panel-on-forests-and-human-health/

In the context of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework (GBF), the Third Wildlife Forum of the Collaborative Partnership on Sustainable Wildlife Management (CPW) discussed how to move from theory towards further implementation of policies and actions in relation to sustainable wildlife management.

During the Forum, delegates participated in four thematic sessions on:  the contribution of wildlife to food security and livelihoods; zoonotic diseases and the One Health approach; global targets on wildlife trade, offtake, and hunting; and the management of human-wildlife conflicts (HWCs).

Find the IISD summary narrative report with key messages at: 
https://enb.iisd.org/sites/default/files/2021-09/cpw_forum_3_summary.pdf

Read a TRAFFIC web release about the Forum outcomes: 
https://www.traffic.org/news/third-wildlife-forum-to-explore-best-ways-to-support-the-post-2020-global-biodiversity-framework-implementation-registrations/


Reports from IFSA Trainees


My Experience as an IFSA Trainee at IUFRO

My name is Mirjana Volarev, and I am from Serbia. I am an environmentalist and a forester with a passion for climate policy. I completed my bachelor's degree in Serbia at the Faculty of Forestry, University of Belgrade, and my master's degree in Environmental Sciences and Policy at the Central European University in Vienna, Austria.

In September and October 2021, I had the fantastic opportunity to work at the Headquarters of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) in Vienna.

My main work was related to the IUFRO World Day, a 24-hour digital event held on 28 and 29 September. In the course of finishing promotion-related tasks aimed at enhancing the visibility of IUFRO, I have learned a lot about how such a big project develops on an international level.

Throughout my internship, I was tasked with diverse activities such as writing a report on a REDD+ session held on IUFRO World Day, doing research to create a fact sheet for a media briefing on climate change and deforestation, writing blogs, producing communication material, drafting posts for social media, and having various meetings with my IUFRO colleagues.

This internship offered me an exciting and insightful experience and allowed me to enhance my professional skills in project development, communication and research. Furthermore, I had the chance to see how this large international forest research organization works and to become a part of it. As a result, I feel excited and confident about finding my first full-time job in the forest sector, ideally shaping forest policy and contributing to climate change mitigation.

Last but not least, the welcoming atmosphere at IUFRO HQ was a big part of developing my skills and showed me the importance of working together in a team. Balancing work and fun helped me to feel productive and learn about forests, science and people. I felt lucky to be part of this community, supporting IUFRO's meaningful work that promotes science and contributes to healthy, resilient forests, and to have this opportunity to develop my skills and grow professionally.


Coming out of the Pandemic by Interning at IUFRO

By Agustín Rosello

IUFRO Headquarters is a family I will never forget. I still remember when I found out that I had been accepted as a trainee at IUFRO Headquarters in Vienna. I was working in my home office in a remote town in the middle of a country far south in Latin America, organizing the 50th anniversary of the International Forestry Students' Symposium (IFSS), when I read that e-mail and realized my life was about to change. I started shouting and jumping for joy because finally this corona nightmare was over, and I was going to achieve my dream of working at an international organization in Europe. Austria was my destination and IUFRO my challenge.

I was just about to finish my degree on Forestry at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. During this time I was able to focus my development on forest conservation and landscape restoration, but sadly I knew that back home forestry doesn't go much broader than paper or wood industry. In this context joining a team as IUFRO Headquarters was an opportunity completely out of the ordinary and that I would never let go unnoticed. After having the complete support of my family, I departed on my journey with honor and pride.

I was committed to develop myself professionally and acquire different skills required to organize a community as big as IUFRO, understanding group dynamics, identifying problems and being able to find solutions, negotiating and reaching agreements, working on megadiverse environments such as the forests in Patagonia that I love so much. Proudly now I can say IUFRO Headquarters taught me this and much more things I never imagined I was going to be experiencing in such a short time. 

During this two-month traineeship I ran into some big challenges and frustrations, but gladly the team beside me helped me to overcome them and become a better forester. At the same time this opportunity provided me with great conversations with really inspirational colleagues that regardless of their position always made me feel like a peer and shared with me their experiences and guidance.

At the age of 25, a forestry career at one of the best universities of my country, two great years working with the biggest forestry student organization in the world, and an incredibly fruitful two months at IUFRO Headquarters, I've got nothing more than to be grateful for the amazing set of skills IUFRO has added to my toolbox. This I will take with me wherever my professional path takes me. And the most important thing of all, I felt part of the family IUFRO is.


IUFRO and Media


More Coherent Global Forest Governance Needed to Reduce Forest Loss

On 19 October 2021 four scientists related to the IUFRO network spoke to the press about deforestation, imported deforestation, drivers and possible solutions. The media briefing was jointly organized by IUFRO and the communications agency REVOLVE https://revolve.media/.

After decades of innovation and failures in forest governance, political and environmental scientists point to solutions for policy makers, industry leaders, knowledge brokers and other stakeholders. And there is a lot to learn from mistakes and success stories of international forest policy, they say also with a view to the upcoming climate summit.

"Most deforestation takes place in the global South, and it is driven not only by domestic, but also by international markets and demand for agricultural commodities, bioenergy, and other bioeconomy needs in the global North. We refer to this as 'imported deforestation'", explains Metodi Sotirov from the University of Freiburg in Germany, one of the four panelists in the media briefing.

"While unsustainable or illegal timber use is still an important driver of deforestation, agricultural expansion for cattle breeding and cultivating soy, palm oil etc. is much bigger. However, international policy and governance are still not addressing the issues at stake:  there is still a need for an effective and coordinated global policy response covering all deforestation-related commodities - timber, forest risk agricultural commodities, bioenergy, mining, etc. - and policy, market, societal, ecological challenges that need to be addressed to reduce the further disappearance of the world's forests.", Dr. Sotirov continues. Continue at:  https://www.iufro.org/media/latest-releases/

Panelists in the media briefing:

Dr. Metodi Sotirov, University of Freiburg in Germany, IUFRO Deputy Coordinator of Working Party Cross-sectoral policy impacts on forests and environment

Dr. Sarah Lilian Burns, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina/Technical University Dresden, Germany
IUFRO Coordinator of Working Party Forest and natural resources policy and governance in Latin America and the Caribbean, and Deputy Coordinator of a Research Group Forest policy and governance

Dr. Connie McDermott, University of Oxford, UK; co-author of IUFRO-GFEP reports

Dr. Pablo Pacheco, Forests Lead at the World Wildlife Fund (WWF); co-author of IUFRO-WFSE reports

Find the media release and comprehensive background information in English, Spanish and German at: 
https://revolve.media/events/on-imported-deforestation/


The Urgency and Opportunity to Increase the Access of All Canadians to Urban Forests

An interview with Dr. Cecil Konijnendijk (Coordinator of IUFRO Division 6) on the 3-30-300 rule for creating greener and healthier cities to mark National Tree Day on September 22

The benefits of urban forests, defined as all natural and planted trees in or near an urban area, are well known. However, research finds that there is inequitable access to urban forests and green spaces. (…) With the government of Canada committing to plant 2 billion trees (2BT) over the next 10 years, the expansion of urban forests and urban parks is a political priority. With about 82% of Canadians living in urban areas, designing cities to be more livable through greater urban forest cover is an important priority.

Proposals for how to make urban living more equitable are numerous and diverse. In February 2021, Dr. Cecil Konijnendijk, Professor of Urban Forestry at the University of British Columbia (UBC), started promoting the 3-30-300 rule for urban forestry as a means of creating greener and healthier cities:
https://iucnurbanalliance.org/promoting-health-and-wellbeing-through-urban-forests-introducing-the-3-30-300-rule/

Read the article by Vilbert Vabi, Policy & Campaign Manager, Reforestation at Nature Canada, dated 09/22/2021:  https://naturecanada.ca/news/blog/the-urgency-and-opportunity-to-increase-the-access-of-all-canadians-to-urban-forests/


Addressing Growing Expectations and Threats for Forests

In a special research supplement focused on forests the Austrian newspaper Der Standard published interviews in German with IUFRO Vice-President Dr. Daniela Kleinschmit and IUFRO Deputy Executive Director Dr. Michael Kleine on 20 October 2021.

Expectations for forests are rising – besides supplying timber, biomass and other products, they provide ecosystem services, offer recreation, and mitigate climate change by capturing carbon. Research is working on answers as to how all these economic, social and ecological demands on forests can be balanced in the best possible way, Dr. Kleinschmit explains in the interview. Read the German article online at:
https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000130563705/forstpolitikexpertin-die-ansprueche-an-den-wald-sind-gestiegen

In his statement Dr. Kleine highlights the worldwide loss of forests. Especially in countries of the global South, forests and trees must often give way to other land uses, mainly agriculture. The need for local people to appreciate the value and benefits of forests and trees is essential to counteract this trend and to successfully restore forests, which is important also with a view to the climate crisis.
https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000130562607/der-wald-der-zukunft-wird-anders-aussehen-als-heute


Publications


Forests, Trees and Poverty Alleviation in Africa: An Expanded Policy Brief Now Available in Portuguese!

IUFRO's Global Forest Expert Panels (GFEP) Programme launched the Portuguese version of its latest publication, "Forests, Trees and Poverty Alleviation in Africa:  An Expanded Policy Brief", on 15 October 2021.

The publication outlines the most important scientific evidence of the nexus of forests, trees, and poverty in Africa, explains the context, and highlights key conclusions to be taken into account by stakeholders across Africa.
Details at:  https://www.iufro.org/news/article/2021/10/15/forests-trees-and-poverty-alleviation-in-africa-an-expanded-policy-brief-portuguese-translation/

Furthermore, two new special issue papers from the recent IUFRO Global Assessment on Forests and Poverty are now out in Forest Policy and Economics:

Policy Implications of current knowledge:  https://tinyurl.com/yhp3s7d2
Analytical framework for contextual factors:  https://tinyurl.com/drxbnkwn


New Review Finds Slow Progress in Restoring Africa's Degraded Lands, Urges Greater Efforts for Climate Action

The Review of Forest and Landscape Restoration in Africa 2021 co-authored by S. Mansourian (IUFRO Task Force Transforming Forest Landscapes for Future Climates and Human Well-Being) and N. Berrahmouni, was published by FAO and AUDA-NEPAD. It is the first stock-take of restoring Africa's degraded forests and landscapes. It identifies local ownership and stakeholder engagement as fundamental factors for success.
Go to:  https://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/cb6111en


Fire$: Economics and Policy of Global Fire Activities

This special issue of Forest Policy and Economics focusing on advancing the economic theory of fires and contrast cases from developed and developing worlds was edited by François-Nicolas Robinne, Marcos Rodrigues Mimbrero, Yeon-Su Kim (members of the recently closed IUFRO Task Force Fire$:  Economic Drivers of Global Wildland Fire Activity): 
https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/forest-policy-and-economics/special-issue/10M1TVL518G

Frequency, duration and intensity of vegetation fires are increasing around the world and this trend is likely to accelerate with ongoing climate change and persisting environmental degradation. There are many emerging issues, such as economic drivers of global fire activities, global trade and "virtual export" of fire activity, (…) biomass utilization, salvage logging and alternative livelihood development, and other economically incentivized leverage to promote fire risk mitigation.


Unleashing Science: Delivering Missions for Sustainability

Published by the International Science Council, 2021, Paris, France: 
https://council.science/science-funding/missions-for-sustainability/

The International Science Council developed this report based on the input collected from an ISC-led global call in 2020 to shape a priority action agenda for science.

"As a science community, we must collectively take a much more holistic approach to empowering science for sustainable societal transformations in the 21st century. It is time to be disruptive and do things differently and with imagination and collaboration!" says Sir Peter Gluckman President-elect, International Science Council, in the preface of the report.


Science Panel for the Amazon Releases Executive Summary of Landmark Report Assessment of the Amazon

Over 200 renowned scientists from the Amazon and global partners came together as the Science Panel for the Amazon and developed a landmark, comprehensive scientific assessment of the state of the Amazon Basin. Their process included dialogues with Indigenous Peoples and local communities on the threats they're facing and offers solutions and sustainable development pathways to prevent further catastrophic events. (From a release dated 20 September)

The panel also includes IUFRO officeholders Plinio Sist (Coordinator 1.02.00 – Tropical and subtropical silviculture), and Adriane Esquível-Muelbert (Task Force Deputy Coordinator Monitoring global tree mortality patterns and trends), as well as IUFRO Task Force members and co-authors of major IUFRO publications.

Find the summary at:  https://www.theamazonwewant.org/scientific-literature/


The Ecology and Evolution of Synchronized Seed Production in Plants

Royal Society Publishing has recently published a special issue of Philosophical Transactions B entitled "The ecology and evolution of synchronized seed production in plants" compiled and edited by Mario B Pesendorfer, Davide Ascoli, Michał Bogdziewicz, Andrew Hacket-Pain, Ian S Pearse and Giorgio Vacchiano.

Many long-lived plants show extraordinary year-to-year variation in seed production, ranging from bumper crops to years with crop failure. This phenomenon, known as masting or mast-seeding, occurs synchronously among trees of the same forest, among distant forests, and even across whole continents.

Masting affects growth, survival, and regeneration of trees and forests, thus also driving evolutionary dynamics. Moreover, masting consequences cascade through ecosystems, affecting animal populations and disease dynamics, as well as subsistence ecosystem services from wild and cultivated crop plants. In this theme issue, proximate and evolutionary mechanisms and functions of masting are explored from local to global scales. Masting forecasts, which constitute the next frontier in the field, will optimize the timing of conservation and land management efforts. Details:  https://bit.ly/PTB1839


Radiation Contamination of Forests and Forest Products - Consequences and Future

This special issue of Journal of Environmental Radioactivity has beenedited by Satoru Miura, George Shaw, Yves Thiry, Shoji Hashimoto, Brenda Howard and Sheldon Landsberger.

It is an outcome of a Session at the XXV IUFRO World Congress 2019; Curitiba, Brazil; 29 September - 5 October 2019, entitled "Radioactive contamination of forests experienced in Chernobyl and Fukushima":
https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/journal-of-environmental-radioactivity/special-issue/10B0RLWZTG3


The EU Climate Package "Fit for 55" - a Double-edged Sword for Europeans and Their Forests and Timber Industry

By Köhl, M.; Linser, S.; Prins, K.; Talarczykd, A. (2021):  Forest Policy and Economics, Volume 132, November 2021, 102596.

Forest-related measures of EU's climate package "Fit for 55" are dominated by ecological imperatives and intentions to increase forest C-pools. The measures do not sufficiently reflect the current development of EU forests in terms of increasing forest area, growing-stock and C-pools. EC should improve its holistic view to ensure that its instruments meet the requirements of sustainable and multifunctional forest management.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1389934121002021?via%3Dihub


News from IUFRO Divisions


Ecology and Silviculture of Chestnut – Newsletter and Call for Papers for Special Issue

The first newsletter from the newly formed IUFRO Working Party 1.01.13 'Ecology and Silviculture of Chestnut' aims at sharing information, exchanging research ideas, and building a network among chestnut researchers: 
https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-1/10000/10100/10113/publications/

The newsletter also includes a call for papers for a Special Issue:  Ecology and Management of Castanea, with the following guest editors: 
Stacy L. Clark, Verónica Loewe, Enrico Marcolin, Maria Patrício (Working Party coordination team)
Submission deadline:  30 June 2022
Planned publication date:  Summer 2022


Knowledge gaps exist in understanding sustainable methods to manage, restore or regenerate chestnut stands naturally or artificially, particularly given challenges from climate change, changes in disturbance regimes, and threats from non-native pests and pathogens. Providing this special issue platform to synthesize and share research information on forest ecology and silviculture of the Castanea genus will contribute towards a better understanding of strategies needed to improve performance and success of restoring or sustaining chestnut forests in pure stands, as a component to enrich mixed stands, or as agroforestry ecosystems.

https://www.journals.elsevier.com/forest-ecology-and-management/call-for-papers/call-for-papers-on-special-issue-ecology-and-management-of-castanea


IUFRO Division 3 Newsletters - Forest Operations Engineering and Management

The latest issue highlights the recent COFE-FORMEC 2021 and gives an update on future and past activities of the Division.

The Council on Forest Engineering (COFE) and the International Symposium on Forest Mechanization (FORMEC) were jointly hosting their annual meeting in 2021. This meeting brought together forest engineering researchers, industry experts, government agencies and academics from around the globe and provided an online platform for participants to present, share and discuss the latest forest engineering research and technology development. This year the event was hosted by the College of Forestry at Oregon State University and chaired by
Dr. Woodam Chung IUFRO Division 3 coordinator.

Find the Conference Proceedings and Division Newsletters at: 
https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-3/30000/publications/


IUFRO Division 6 Newsletters - Social Aspects of Forests and Forestry

IUFRO Division 6 has meanwhile published four newsletter issues!
Find them at:  https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-6/60000/publications/

The latest issue reports from the 60th Enlarged Board meeting of IUFRO, tells about the successful Division 6 webinar series, highlights activities of Working Parties and Research Units and presents Division Deputy Coordinator Ellyn Damayanti, who is also the Coordinator of Research Group 6.10.00 – Rural development.


IUFRO Division 7 Activity Report

After 10 years in the role of Coordinator of Division 7, Eckehard Brockerhoff stepped down after the IUFRO Board meeting in September 2021. His successor is Tod Ramsfield of the Canadian Forest Service.

Read a message from E. Brockerhoff and get an update on Division 7 activities and an overview of the Division's input to IUFRO's strategic goals and actions. Also, an all-Division 7 conference is scheduled to take place on 6-9 September 2022 in Lisbon, Portugal.

Read at:  https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-7/70000/publications/#c21464


Proceedings – Research Group 4.05.00 and Working Parties

Managerial, Social and Environmental Aspects of the Forest-based Sector for Sustainable Development:  40th Anniversary Conference for 4.05.00

Conference on 4-6 October 2021, online from Brno, Czech Republic, involving IUFRO Units 4.05.00, 4.05.01, 4.05.02, 4.05.03, 4.05.04, 4.05.05, Kateřina Holušová (ed.)

Conference sessions focused on:

  • Socio-economic development of forestry in national, EU, and global economies;
  • Social entrepreneurship, social innovation and corporate social responsibility in forestry;
  • Labor market - employment in the forestry sector;
  • Bioeconomy related current and upcoming EU policies;
  • Economic and accounting approaches to sustainable development in the forestry and wood sectors;
  • Socio-economic development of forestry in developing countries;
  • History of IUFRO RG 4.05.00 – 40th Anniversary.

Download at:  https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/publications/proceedings-archive/40500-and-working-parties-brno21-abstracts.pdf


Position Announcements

https://www.iufro.org/discover/noticeboard/position-announcements/

Postdoctoral Fellow – Population Genetics/Genomics and Transcriptomics of Forest Trees
Deadline:  15 November 2021 or until filled
The position is available from January 2022 in the Forest Genomics Lab of the University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/discover/nb-unb-Postdoctoral-Fellow-Population-Genetics-Genomics.pdf

Postdoctoral Associates and Research Scientists
Deadline:  15 November 2021 or until filled
The Yale Center for Natural Carbon Capture, New Haven, CT, USA, is seeking multiple Postdoctoral Associates and non-tenure track Research Scientists. YCNCC welcomes applicants with research interests in four key areas:  1) Enhanced mineral weathering in agricultural settings; 2) ocean uptake, circulation, and alkalinity enhancement; 3) radiative budgets in mangrove, tidal marshes, and seagrasses (i.e., blue carbon); and 4) and applied synthesis in forests and agriculture.
https://planetarysolutions.yale.edu/center-natural-carbon-capture/postdoctoral-opportunities-yale-center-natural-carbon-capture

Professor in Forest Pathology
Deadline:  22 November 2021
An appointment is vacant in the Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
https://www.slu.se/en/about-slu/work-at-slu/jobs-vacancies/?rmpage=job&rmjob=5422&rmlang=UK
 
Ph.D. Research Assistantship in Natural Resource Economics and Policy
Deadlines:  30 November 2021 and 31 March 2022 (for summer/fall admissions)
One research assistantship at the Ph.D. level is available in the Department of Forestry and Natural Resources at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, USA. The incumbent is expected to start in January 2022.
https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/discover/nb-purdue-uni-RA_Announcement_NaturalResourcePolicy.pdf


Recorded IUFRO Webinars & Sessions

Recordings, if available, are published on the activity webpages of the IUFRO Units involved.

IUFRO World Day Sessions
Many sessions at IUFRO World Day were recorded and are available on the interactive map at:
https://www.iufroworldday.org/interactive-map

"It All Starts with Seeds"
This video published at IUFRO World Day by IUFRO Working Party 2.09.03 Seed Physiology and Technology also provides a great summary of the history of the Working Party: 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aay6WPJYBvo

Automation in Forest Operations - Division 3.0 Webinar Series - Webinar 3 (and other webinars in this series)
Available at:  https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-3/30000/30100/


IUFRO Meetings

For a full list of IUFRO meetings go to our online calendar at:  https://www.iufro.org/events/calendar/current/
Find non-IUFRO meetings on the IUFRO Noticeboard at:  https://www.iufro.org/discover/noticeboard/


5 Nov 2021
Forest Landscape Restoration for Climate, Nature and People - Session at Global Landscapes Forum (GLF)
12:00 PM GMT - 1:30 PM GMT
online from Glasgow, UK
Organized by IUFRO-WFSE https://www.iufro.org/science/wfse/ and partners
Contact:  Pia Katila, pia.katila(at)luke.fi
https://conference.globallandscapesforum.org/climate-2021/session/599c1fcd-6f23-ec11-981f-a085fcc5fc95

8-10 Nov 2021
Introduction, Breeding, Propagation and Deployment of Pacific Northwest Conifers Around the World:  70 Years of Progress, Opportunities and Challenges
Online
IUFRO 2.02.05, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-2/20000/20200/20205/
Contact:  Keith Jayawickrama, keith.jayawickrama(at)oregonstate.edu; Silvio Schüler, silvio.schueler(at)bfw.gv.at
https://pnwconifers2021.sciencesconf.org/

16-18 Nov 2021
IUFRO All-Division 1 Online Discussion Conference:  Scaling-Up from Tree- and Stand-Level Research to Sustainable Silviculture at Forest- and Landscape-Level
online
IUFRO 1.00.00, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-1/10000/
Contact:  Jens Peter Skovsgaard, jps(at)slu.se; Teresa de Jesus Fidalgo Fonseca, tfonseca(at)utad.pt
https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/science/divisions/div1/10000/all-div1-virtual-conference21-flyer.pdf

6 Dec 2021
IOECOSYS Conference
online and Lisbon, Portugal
IUFRO 4.03.03, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-4/40000/40300/40303/
IUFRO 4.04.04, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-4/40000/40400/40404/
Contact:  José G. Borges, joseborges(at)isa.ulisboa.pt; Harald Vacik, harald.vacik(at)boku.ac.at
https://www.bioecosys.com/save-the-data

17 Dec 2021
Towards a Himalayan Bioeconomy - Webinar Series of IUFRO Task Force "Unlocking the Bioeconomy for Nontimber Forest Products"
Online
Contact:  James Chamberlain, james.l.chamberlain(at)usda.gov
https://www.iufro.org/science/task-forces/bioeconomy-and-non-timber-forest-products/activities/

2-4 May 2022
13th Short Rotation Woody Crops International Conference
Mills River, North Carolina, United States
IUFRO 2.08.04, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-2/20000/20800/20804/
Contact:  Ron Zalesny, Ronald.Zalesny(at)usda.gov
https://woodycrops.wixsite.com/srwc2022

2-6 May 2022
Side Event at XV World Forestry Congress 2022
Building data foundations for sustainable forest management:  integration, collaboration and experience in reporting at global and regional scales to show progress towards green, healthy and resilient forest
Seoul, South Korea
IUFRO 9.01.05, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-9/90000/90100/90105/
Contact:  Stefanie Linser, stefanie.linser(at)efi.int
https://www.wfc2021korea.org/

2-6 May 2022
Side Event at XV World Forestry Congress 2022
Criteria and indicators to strengthen sustainable forest management in the Caucasus and Central Asia
Seoul, South Korea
IUFRO 9.01.05, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-9/90000/90100/90105/
Contact:  Stefanie Linser, stefanie.linser(at)efi.int
https://www.wfc2021korea.org/

2-6 May 2022
Side Event at XV World Forestry Congress
New opportunities for Teak sector in the post-COVID-19 Scenario – TEAKNET
Seoul, South Korea
IUFRO 5.06.02, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-5/50000/50600/50602/
Contact:  P. K. Thulasidas, pktdas(at)gmail.com
https://www.wfc2021korea.org/

2-4 Jun 2022
Socio-Ecological Conflicts in Forest Management:  Risks of (Not) Adapting?
Nancy, France
IUFRO 4.04.07, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-4/40000/40400/40407/
Contact:  Rasoul Yousefpour,
rasoul.yousefpour(at)ife.uni-freiburg.de; Marielle Brunette, marielle.brunette(at)inrae.fr
https://workshop.inrae.fr/iufro-risk-analysis-nancy/

5-9 Jun 2022
15th International Christmas Tree Research and Extension Conference
Fallen Leaf Lake, CA, United States
IUFRO 2.02.09
Contact:  Bert Cregg, cregg(at)msu.edu
https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-2/20000/20200/20209/activities/

11-14 Dec 2022
2nd North American Mensurationists Conference
Portland, Oregon, United States
IUFRO 4.01.00, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-4/40000/40100/
IUFRO 4.03.00, https://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-4/40000/40300/
Contact:  Bogdan Strimbu,
Bogdan.Strimbu(at)oregonstate.edu
https://mensurationist.net/2nd-north-american-forest-mensurationists-conference/


Other Meetings

For more non-IUFRO meetings, please check the IUFRO Noticeboard:
https://www.iufro.org/discover/noticeboard/other-meetings-events/ 


15 Nov 2021
Scaling-up Solutions for Sustainability. The Example of Tropical Deforestation
Joint IIASA and Austrian Academy of Sciences Lecture: 
18:30-20:30 CET (17:30 UTC)
IIASA Distinguished Visiting Fellow Eric Lambin, Stanford University and University of Louvain, will speak at a hybrid public lecture offered by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and Austrian Academy of Sciences (OeAW), Vienna.
https://iiasa.ac.at/web/home/about/events/211115-IIASA-OeAW-Joint-Lecture-Nov2021.html

16-19 Nov 2021
Science & You
Metz, France
International physical event on science culture and its links to society, organized by the University of Lorraine
http://www.science-and-you.com/en

22-28 Nov 2021
6th European Forest Week:  The Future of Forests
Online, from Rome, Italy
In conjunction with Foresta2021, the Joint Session of the UNECE Committee on Forests and the Forest Industry (COFFI), and the FAO European Forestry Commission (EFC)
https://www.fao.org/about/meetings/european-forest-week/en/



IUFRO News Issue 10, 2021, published in early November 2021
by IUFRO Headquarters, Vienna, Austria.
Contact the editor at office(at)iufro(dot)org or visit https://www.iufro.org/

Imprint: https://www.iufro.org/legal/#c10402