1.06.00 - Restoration of degraded sites



World Series Vol. 34 - Forest Landscape Restoration as a Key Component of Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

Drawing on state-of-the art scientific knowledge through analysis of restoration case studies and review of scientific literature, IUFRO scientists developed a framework to demonstrate how forest landscape restoration (FLR) can contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation. One of the major results of this study was the identification and detailed description of the many different ways in which FLR contributes to both mitigating climate effects and helping ecosystems and society to adapt to adverse effects of a changing climate. In addition, this work contributed a stoplight tool aimed at better presenting complex restoration initiatives, and how they may contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation and vice-versa, in a specific local context. Details at http://www.iufro.org/publications/series/world-series/article/2015/12/01/world-series-vol-34-forest-landscape-restoration-as-a-key-component-of-climate-change-mitigation-and-adaptation/

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Douglass Jacobs, United States


Lorenzo Ciccarese, Italy

Ernest G. Foli, Ghana

Sangjun Im, Korea (Rep)

Palle Madsen, Denmark

Batkhuu Nyam-Osor, Mongolia

About Unit

RG 1.06.00 Restoration of Degraded Sites applies silvicultural knowledge in traditional and innovative ways to overcome deforestation and degradation of forested landscapes. Restoration is understood in the broadest sense, from reclaiming mined land to altering composition or structural complexity of stands and diversity of landscapes. The unit has organized five major international conferences (Denmark 2002; Korea 2007; Spain 2011; and the US, 2014) and several regional meetings.

State of Knowledge

Throughout the boreal and temperate zones, forest restoration efforts attempt to counteract negative effects of conversion to other land use (afforestation and remediation) and disturbance and stress on existing forests (rehabilitation). Appropriate silvicultural practices can be designed for any forest restoration objective. Most common objectives include timber, wildlife habitat for game species, or aesthetics. Increasingly other objectives are considered, including carbon sequestration, biological diversity, non-game mammals and birds, endangered animals and plants, protection of water quality and aquatic resources, and recreation. Plantation forestry remains the most effective approach to restoration of forest cover to large areas, and recent trends toward more complex plantations are explored. Rehabilitation of degraded forests increasingly relies on re-establishing natural disturbance regimes and emphasizes "close-to-nature" approaches to regeneration and stand management.

Read more about Restoration concepts for temperate and boreal forests of North America and Western Europe.