8.03.06 - Impact of wind on forests

UNIT NOTICEBOARD

2020-10-07

Call for Submissions: Special Issue of Frontiers in Forests and Global Change

Living with Tropical Storms in a Changing Climate

Tropical storms, including hurricanes, typhoons, thunderstorms, and derechos are a major disturbance in many regions of the world. They can induce major changes to forest ecosystems, including urban trees and forests. Tropical storms can cause casualties, have major economic impacts, and bring important changes to natural and urban environments. By removing standing trees, they have a profound effect on standing biomass and carbon sequestration. Additionally, tree uprooting will modify forest floor and edaphic characteristics, which will also influence ecosystem recovery and succession. In the context of climate change, their severity, as well as their spatial and temporal occurrence are likely to change. Understanding their impact in the current and future contexts requires a close collaboration between many disciplines, including climatology, meteorology, mechanics, forestry and ecology.

This Special Issue intends to bring together specialists from various disciplines to build an integrated understanding of the current and the future effects of tropical storms on trees and forests in different parts of the world. We are seeking state-of-the-art papers in the form of Original Research and Reviews that address the following topics: - Tropical storm impacts in natural ecosystems; - Tropical storm impacts on urban trees and forests; - Climate change and changes in tropical storm occurrence; - Forest recovery after tropical storms; - Economic impacts of tropical storms on forested ecosystems and on urban trees [and forests]; - Monitoring tropical storm damage and responses of forests and trees; - Mitigation of the impact of tropical storm

Submission Deadlines
Abstracts: 8 November 2020
Manuscripts: 8 March 2020

Further details: https://www.frontiersin.org/research-topics/16298/living-with-tropical-storms-in-a-changing-climate

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About Unit

This group of international researchers (recently renumbered from 8.01.11 to 8.03.06) focuses on the mechanics of wind interactions with trees, the biology of acclimative growth, and the ecological impacts of wind on forest ecosystems. Our members work together on collaborative projects, many of which focus on the development of process models for tree and stand-level windthrow risk prediction. We hold a three-day conference every 4 to 5 years. The purpose of this Unit is to promote knowledge exchange and collaborative interactions.


State of Knowledge

Group members have developed non-spatial mechanistic windthrow risk models for uniform-structured stands, and tree-level models of tree-behaviour under load. Hot topics include: characterizing wind flow over complex terrain and through forest canopies; incorporating spatial and structural complexity in windthrow risk models; developing biomechanical models of acclimative growth; and characterizing ecosystem responses to recurring wind disturbances.

The list of topics under investigation includes:

  • Atmospheric boundary layer flow over rough surfaces
  • Airflow over forest stands, edges and clearings
  • Airflow over natural shelter belts
  • Mechanics of trees under wind loading
  • Acclimative growth response of trees
  • Silviculture and harvest design to reduce wind damage
  • Post-storm damage responses
  • Wind climatology
  • Topography effects in wind loading on trees
  • Physical modelling of airflow around trees
  • Failure criteria of trees
  • Ecological dynamics and strong winds
  • Tree level management to reduce wind damage

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