Non-IUFRO Publications

Non-IUFRO Publications

2021-12-07

Forest Governance: Hydra or Chloris?

Many forest-related problems are considered relevant today. One might think of deforestation, illegal logging and biodiversity loss. Yet, many governance initiatives have been initiated to work on their solutions. This publication takes stock of these issues and initiatives by analysing different forest governance modes, shifts and norms, and by studying five cases (forest sector governance, forest legality, forest certification, forest conservation, participatory forest management). Special focus is on performance: are the many forest governance initiatives able to change established practices of forest decline (Chloris worldview) or are they doomed to fail (Hydra worldview)? The answer will be both, depending on geographies and local conditions. The analyses are guided by discursive institutionalism and philosophical pragmatism.

Author:  Bas Arts, Wageningen University & Research - Radboud University Nijmegen
Details:  https://bit.ly/3rHQINN


2021-11-23

Adaptive Collaborative Management in Forest Landscapes

Many forest management proposals are based on top-down strategies, such as the Million Tree Initiatives, Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) and REDD+, often neglecting local communities. In the context of the climate crisis, it is imperative that local peoples and communities are an integral part of all decisions relating to resource management. This volume examines the value of Adaptive Collaborative Management for facilitating learning and collaboration with local communities and beyond, utilising detailed studies of forest landscapes and communities.


2021-11-09

Call for Submissions: Forest Disturbance Monitoring Using Satellite Remote Sensing

Submissions are invited for a Special Issue of Remote Sensing.

The world's forests host about 80% of terrestrial biodiversity and provide a wide range of economic, social and ecological benefits. Today, we observe a growing pressure on forest ecosystems due to climate change, illegal logging and unsustainable forest management. Monitoring forests by satellite remote sensing allows us to detect forest areas under pressure and helps us to better understand the natural and anthropogenic drivers of forest degradation and deforestation. In the past few years, we have seen considerable progress in the development of forest monitoring applications based on satellite imagery. The large amount of available open data has fostered the technical development of new methods and the roll-out of near-real-time forest monitoring applications using both optical and SAR data. Over the past ten years, many applications have focused on tropical forests. However, due to drought stress and forest health issues in boreal and temperate forests, the monitoring of these forest areas has gained renewed attention. This Special Issue invites contributions with a focus on the latest research developments and applications in forest disturbance monitoring using satellite data from the tropics to the boreal region.

Deadline for manuscript submissions:  28 February 2022
Guest editors:  Dr. Janik Deutscher, Dr. Jörg Haarpaintner, Dr. Manuela Hirschmugl, Dr. Johannes Reiche
Details:  https://www.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing/special_issues/Forest_Disturbance_RS


2021-03-04

The Legacy of Pre–Columbian Fire on the Pine–Oak Forests of Upland Guatemala

Mountain tropical forests of the Southern Maya Area (Pacific Chiapas and Guatemala, El Salvador, and Northern Honduras) predominantly comprise pine and oak formations, which form intricate mosaics and complex successional interactions following large–scale fire. These forests have been transformed by the peoples of the Maya civilization through practices of horticulture, agriculture, and architectural developments over thousands of years. Anthropogenic impacts and the extent of early human interaction with these upland forests is currently poorly understood. In this study we identify: (i) the natural baseline vegetation of the region; (ii) when human impact and agrarian practices began in the Maya uplands; and (iii) what impacts the Maya had on forest structure, composition, and successional regeneration. Past vegetation, anthropogenic use of fire, and faunal abundance were reconstructed using proxy analysis of fossil pollen, macroscopic charcoal, microscopic charcoal, and dung fungal spores (Sporormiella). Three phases of forest succession were identified from 4000B.C.E. to 1522CE that broadly overlap with the well–defined archaeological periods of (i) the Archaic (10,000–2000B.C.E.); (ii) Pre–Classic (2000B.C.E.−100C.E.); (iii) Terminal Pre–Classic (100–250C.E.); (iv) Classic (250–950C.E.); and (v) Post–Classic (950–1522C.E.). These results also include the earliest evidence for agriculture within the Southern Maya Area through presence of peppers (Capsicum) from 3850B.C.E. and the rise of maize cultivation (Zea mays) from 970B.C.E. Persistent high intensity burning driven by agricultural practices and lime production during the Late–Pre-Classic (400–100B.C.E.) to Classic Period resulted in a compositional change of forest structure c.150B.C.E. from oak (Quercus) dominated forests to pine (Pinus) dominated forests. The legacy of Pre–Columbian anthropogenically driven fire in these mountain tropical forests demonstrates the resilience and thresholds for fire driven succession. These findings are particularly relevant for addressing current land use and management strategies involving agriculture, fire, and forest management in the mountain tropical forests of the Southern Maya Area.


2021-02-10

IPBES Workshop Report on Biodiversity and Pandemics

Considering the extraordinary situation caused by the novel Coronavirus and given the role that IPBES can play in strengthening the knowledge base on biodiversity links of current and future pandemics such as COVID-19, IPBES had organized a virtual Platform workshop on the link between biodiversity and pandemics, from 27-31 July 2020. The full workshop report is composed of an executive summary, five sections, references and annexes.

The full workshop report is now available in a laid-out format:https://ipbes.net/pandemics

Click here to read the #PandemicsReport media release in English, Spanish and here for French.  
Access social media assets/images here: https://bit.ly/PandemicsReportResources