Responding to Environmental Issues Through Adaptive Collaborative Management: From Forest Communities to Global Actors
Responding to Environmental Issues Through Adaptive Collaborative Management: From Forest Communities to Global Actors has just come out (2023) and is open access. Co-edited by anthropologist Carol J. Pierce Colfer and forester Ravi Prabhu, it compiles the writings of a total of 45 authors, most of whom hail from developing countries. It is the second in a series – the other being Adaptive Collaborative Management of Forest Landscapes: Villagers, Bureaucrats and Civil Society (2022, also open access, see below). The genesis of these books involved a query to those partners who had participated in ACM's early days (2000s). What had they learned about ACM in the two intervening decades?
This second book, which focuses on three islands in Indonesia (Sumatra, Sulawesi and Java) and five countries in sub-Saharan Africa (Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Uganda and Zimbabwe), includes three revisits to former ACM research sites from the early 2000s to assess what has endured and what has fallen away; new methods that build on the ACM approach; a thought experiment on how to scale up more effectively; and some ideas on how to support and encourage a 'culture of care', in our efforts to address environmental issues and those of the human beings who inhabit forested areas particularly.
Editors: Carol J. Pierce Colfer and Ravi Prabhu
Adaptive Collaborative Management in Forest Landscapes
Many forest management proposals are based on top-down strategies, such as the Million Tree Initiatives, Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) and REDD+, often neglecting local communities. In the context of the climate crisis, it is imperative that local peoples and communities are an integral part of all decisions relating to resource management. This volume examines the value of Adaptive Collaborative Management for facilitating learning and collaboration with local communities and beyond, utilising detailed studies of forest landscapes and communities.
Editors: Carol J. Pierce Colfer, Ravi Prabhu and Anne M. Larson
Cooling cities through urban green infrastructure: a health impact assessment of European cities
High ambient temperatures are associated with many health effects, including premature mortality. The combination of global warming due to climate change and the expansion of the global built environment mean that the intensification of urban heat islands (UHIs) is expected, accompanied by adverse effects on population health. Urban green infrastructure can reduce local temperatures. The paper aims to estimate the mortality burden that could be attributed to UHIs and the mortality burden that would be prevented by increasing urban tree coverage in 93 European cities.
Authors: Tamara Iungman, MPH; Marta Cirach, MSc; Federica Marando, PhD; Evelise Pereira Barboza, MPH; Sasha Khomenko, MSc; Pierre Masselot, PhD; Marcos Quijal-Zamorano, MSc; Natalie Mueller, PhD; Antonio Gasparrini, PhD; José Urquiza, PhD; Mehdi Heris, PhD; Meelan Thondoo, PhD; Prof Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, PhD.
Published: January 31, 2023
Status Quo Report: Supporting the recovery and sustainable management of Ukrainian forests and its forest sector
This report presents the overall situation and main recent achievements in the Ukrainian forest sector before the war and provides a general overview of the current situation including major war consequences for the sector and the environment in Ukraine. It shows the difficulties to be expected for the recovery process of the Ukrainian forest sector. The report has been prepared by the Liaison Unit Bonn of Forest Europe and will be presented for information and further discussion at the first workshop of the newly established FOREST EUROPE Ukraine support.
Authors: Liubov Poliakova and Silvia Abruscato, FOREST EUROPE - Liaison Unit Bonn, Rapid Response Mechanism - Emerging Issues
PDF for download: https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/discover/Status-quo-report_2022_Ukraine-forest-sector.pdf
Unravelling the extent of tree planting by corporations
A growing number of businesses advertise their tree planting engagements even though it is generally outside their core business. Why do they do it? Where do they do it? With whom do they do it? How pervasive is this phenomenon? These are questions a new study seeks to answer for three European countries: France, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The authors of the study selected all large corporations from those countries present on the Fortune 500 list of companies and analysed their reports and available documentation to see firstly whether they were engaged in tree planting and if yes, to answer the above questions. The findings indicate that in the last 22 years, 98% of the large corporations from the three countries reviewed have carried out some tree planting activities, contributing to planting well over 500 million trees.
Stephanie Mansourian, Mansourian.org, Crassier, Switzerland; Department of Geography and Environment, School of Social Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. Daniel Vallauri, WWF France, Marseille, France
Download PDF: https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/discover/Mansourian_and_Vallauri_2022_Unravelling_the_extent_of_tree_planting_by_corporations.pdf
What are the main challenges faced by the urban forestry sector in Europe?
According to the United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs, by 2050 68% of the world's population is expected to live in urban areas. This rapid urbanisation brings many challenges, both for humans and the environment, requiring the adoption of innovative solutions. Today, more and more experts are pointing to a simple yet extremely effective answer: nature.
Urban forests and natural areas provide many benefits. They are key allies in the fight against climate change, providing clean air, mitigating the urban heat island effect, managing stormwater, and much more. They are also important for urban dwellers' health: today, a growing body of literature is highlighting the positive impacts of nature on health and wellbeing. For example, nature provides a space for physical activity and social interaction. In this sense, besides improving the quality of life in cities, nature can also reduce infrastructure and healthcare costs.
While the benefits and especially the need of urban forests are being increasingly recognised, the road to the realisation of such projects is often full of bumps and obstacles. The "Blueprint for Innovation in Urban Forestry" produced by Uforest provides a comprehensive overview of the main challenges faced by the European urban forestry sector. Uforest is a project co-funded by the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Commission. The project created a cross-sectoral alliance for the development of new training and support for students and professionals working towards innovative urban forestry projects. During the last few months, the Uforest team produced 20 case studies on innovative urban forestry initiatives around Europe. The aim was to better understand the current framework in which urban forestry projects are implemented and how innovation grows. Through literature review and case studies analyses, the "Blueprint for Innovation in Urban Forestry" identifies 7 main challenges.
Find out more information here: Download the full Blueprint for Innovation in urban foresty and learn more!
Green impact, Green Jobs: The future of the pan-European forest sector by FOREST EUROPE and Thünen-Institute
Employment in the pan-European forest sector is decreasing since 2010 and the forest sector workforce is aging rapidly. A recent report by FOREST EUROPE and the Thünen-Institute of Forestry provides latest facts and figures about employment in the pan-European forest sector, gives recommendations on how to reverse these trends and informs about green forest jobs.
The workforce employed by the pan-European forest sector decreased by 7 % between 2010 and 2020. Between 2017 and 2019, the economic activities of forestry and logging, manufacture of wood and paper products, manufacture of furniture and printing provided jobs for 5 million persons in 36 European countries. The average age of this workforce is between 40 and 59 years. However, a significant number of workers aged 50+ will leave the forest sector workforce within the next 10-15 years.
A recent report and policy brief by FOREST EUROPE and the Thünen-Institute of Forestry entitled "Green Forest Jobs in the pan-European region" presents evidence that this aging forest sector workforce is not being replaced by young workers. Although female participation in the labour market has increased over the past 15 years, only 21% of the forest sector workforce was female in 2019. These facts call for urgent action to avoid labour shortages and alleviate the gender imbalance in the pan-European forest sector.
In addition, there are new jobs emerging beyond this traditional forest sector. The report and policy brief by FOREST EUROPE and Thünen-Institute of Forestry introduces the new forest-based sector and draws attention to the emerging jobs. The new forest-related sector provides opportunities to increase employment in rural areas and to stimulate the creation of quality Green Forest Jobs. To know more about how Green Forest Jobs are defined and on the state of the art of employment in the pan-European forest sector, read the report here.
Green Forest Jobs in The Pan-European Region
Policy Brief: https://foresteurope.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/Thuenen-Green-Forest-Jobs-Policy-Brief.pdf
What Are Green Forest Jobs?
Call for Manuscripts: Assisted Migration in Forestry
Submissions are invited for a Special Issue in the journal Forest Ecology and Management.
Climate is changing faster than long-lived forest trees can migrate or adapt, risking adverse impacts on tree growth and forest composition. Assisted migration (AM) is an adaptation strategy for overcoming the gap between a changing climate and an evolutionary response by forest trees. AM refers to population migration, range expansion, or species migration. AM may be used to avoid losses in forest growth and productivity; AM may also be used to prevent species extinctions and to sustain ecosystem services and biodiversity. Successful AM likely will result in creating novel ecosystems, challenging current management paradigms, but may be hindered by existing policies and regulations.
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 April 2023
Guest editors: Prof. John A. Stanturf, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia; Prof. Vladan Ivetić, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Forestry, Belgrade, Serbia; Dr. R. Kasten Dumroese, USDA Forest Service, Moscow, Idaho, USA
The governance of forests, forest products and markets: Multi-scale linkages to conflict and development in sub-Saharan Africa
A new special issue of Forest Policy & Economics looks into forest governance in the context of conflict and development in sub-Sahara Africa.
In its introduction, it highlights the importance of understanding formal as well as informal forest management institutions and relating conflicts from an actor-centered perspective, in order to inform effective forest policy.
Guest editors: Dr Jude Kimengsi, TU Dresden, et al.
NEW: The International Journal of Wood Culture
The International Journal of Wood Culture (IJWC) publishes papers on all aspects of wood and other plant materials such as bamboo, rattan, and bark and their role in art, culture and society in the past, present and future. IJWC was initiated as Wood Culture Journal in 2011 by the International Wood Culture Society (IWCS), a non-profit organization based in California, USA, and committed to the research, education and promotion of wood culture. IWCS and World Wood Day Foundation are the current sponsors of IJWC.
IJWC is a full Open Access journal and uses Editorial Manager for online submission. The Editor-in-Chief is Harvey Green, Northeastern University (emeritus professor), Boston, MA, USA. IUFRO officeholders Michael Grabner and Charlotte Chia-Hua are members of the editorial board.
Volumes published in this journal are listed at: https://brill.com/view/journals/ijwc/ijwc-overview.xml?language=en&msclkid=87801074d10e11ec8ccf29ee766c1fed
Long-term soil warming alters fine root dynamics and morphology, and their ectomycorrhizal fungal community in a temperate forest soil
Climate warming is predicted to affect temperate forests severely, but the response of fine roots, key to plant nutrition, water uptake, soil carbon, and nutrient cycling is unclear. Understanding how fine roots will respond to increasing temperature is a prerequisite for predicting the functioning of forests in a warmer climate. The authors of the study looked at the response of fine roots and their ectomycorrhizal (EcM) fungal and root-associated bacterial communities to soil warming by 4°C in a mixed spruce-beech forest in the Austrian Limestone Alps after 8 and 14 years of soil warming, respectively.
Steve Kwatcho Kengdo, Derek Peršoh, Andreas Schindlbacher, Jakob Heinzle, Ye Tian, Wolfgang Wanek, Werner Borken (2022): Long-term soil warming alters fine root dynamics and morphology, and their ectomycorrhizal fungal community in a temperate forest soil.
Glob Change Biol. 2022;00:1–18. Global Change Biology
Forest Governance: Hydra or Chloris?
Many forest-related problems are considered relevant today. One might think of deforestation, illegal logging and biodiversity loss. Yet, many governance initiatives have been initiated to work on their solutions. This publication takes stock of these issues and initiatives by analysing different forest governance modes, shifts and norms, and by studying five cases (forest sector governance, forest legality, forest certification, forest conservation, participatory forest management). Special focus is on performance: are the many forest governance initiatives able to change established practices of forest decline (Chloris worldview) or are they doomed to fail (Hydra worldview)? The answer will be both, depending on geographies and local conditions. The analyses are guided by discursive institutionalism and philosophical pragmatism.
Author: Bas Arts, Wageningen University & Research - Radboud University Nijmegen