3.01.01 - Road networks and transportation


Kazuhiro Aruga, Japan


Marco Contreras, United States

Norizah Kamarudin, Malaysia

Rene Zamora-Cristales, United States

About Unit

Road networks and transportation are key elements in forest operations analysis and planning. The efficient design of road networks and transportation systems can help to reduce environmental footprint and improve economics in order to achieve sustainable forest management goals. Research in this area include the improve of efficiencies in transportation of forest products through modeling and optimization; design and performance of different vehicle configurations; vehicle scheduling and routing; and network flows to improve/analyze transshipment processes and terminal facility layout. This unit also focuses in how research can help to minimize the environmental footprint of transportation by analyzing how to improve fuel consumption, increase capacity of individual vehicles as well as maximizing vehicle use.  This unit also aims to a better planning of transportation fleets to reduce to minimize unproductive driving time while maximizing the delivery of forest products to the society. 

State of Knowledge

Contreras M., W. Chung, G. Jones. 2008. Applying ant colony optimization meta-heuristic to solve forest transportation planning problems with side constraints. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38(11):2896-2910.

Contreras M., D. Parrott, W. Chung. 2015. Designing Skid-Trail Networks to Reduce Skidding Cost and Soil Disturbance for Ground-Based Timber Harvesting Operations. Forest Science DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5849/forsci.14-146

Epstein R., M. Rönnqvist, A. Weintraub. 2007. Forest Transportation. Chapter 20. Handbook Of Operations Research In Natural Resources Vol 99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-71815-6_20

Hiroshi Kobayashi 1984. Planning system for road-route locations in mountainous forests. Journal of the Japan Forestry Society, 66(8): 313-319vvhttp://ci.nii.ac.jp/els/110002841108.pdf?id=ART0003195841&type=pdf&lang=jp&host=cinii&order_no=&ppv_type=0&lang_sw=&no=1445677661&cp=

Jürg Andreas Stückelberger  2008.  A Weighted-Graph Optimization Approach for Automatic Location of Forest Road Networks. http://www.vdf.ethz.ch/service/3217/3217_Weighted-Graph-Optimization-Approach_OA.pdf

Saito, M., Goshima, M., Aruga, K., Matsue, K., Shuin, Y., and Tasaka, T. 2013.  Study of automatic forest road design model considering shallow landslides with LiDAR data of Funyu Experimental Forest. Cro. J. For. Eng. 34(1):1-15(2013).  http://www.crojfe.com/r/i/saito_1-16.pdf

Zamora-Cristales R.,  J. Sessions. 2015. Are double trailers cost effective for transporting forest biomass on steep terrain? California Agriculture 69(3):177-183 DOI: 10.3733/ca.v069n03p177

Zamora-Cristales, R., J. Sessions, K. Boston and G. Murphy 2014.  Economic Optimization of Forest Biomass Processing and Transport in the Pacific Northwest, USA. Forest Science.
Zamora-Cristales, R., J. Sessions, G. Murphy and K. Boston. 2013.  Economic impact of truck-machine interference in forest biomass recovery operations on steep terrain.  Forest Products Journal 63(56):162-173;